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Hendrik Lorentz

1853 - 1928

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Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (; 18 July 1853 – 4 February 1928) was a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Pieter Zeeman for the discovery and theoretical explanation of the Zeeman effect. He derived the Lorentz transformation which Albert Einstein subsequently used to make claims to special theory of relativity, as well as the Lorentz force, which describes the combined electric and magnetic forces acting on a charged particle in an electromagnetic field. Lorentz was also responsible for the Lorentz oscillator model, a classical model used to describe the anomalous dispersion observed in dielectric materials when the driving frequency of the electric field was near the resonant frequency, resulting in abnormal refractive indices. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Hendrik Lorentz has received more than 884,682 page views. His biography is available in 96 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 95 in 2019). Hendrik Lorentz is the 29th most popular physicist (down from 27th in 2019), the 17th most popular biography from Netherlands and the 3rd most popular Dutch Physicist.

Hendrik Lorentz is most famous for his work in the field of electromagnetism. He is credited with the discovery of the relationship between electricity and magnetism.

Memorability Metrics

  • 880k

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  • 74.96

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 96

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.01

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.71

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Hendrik Lorentz ranks 29 out of 717Before him are Enrico Fermi, Heinrich Hertz, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Luigi Galvani, Daniel Bernoulli, and Richard Feynman. After him are Ibn al-Haytham, Henry Cavendish, Gustav Kirchhoff, Louis de Broglie, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, and William Gilbert.

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Among people born in 1853, Hendrik Lorentz ranks 3Before him are Vincent van Gogh and Cecil Rhodes. After him are Wilhelm Ostwald, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, Carl Larsson, Chulalongkorn, Albrecht Kossel, Aleksei Brusilov, José Martí, and Vladimir Solovyov. Among people deceased in 1928, Hendrik Lorentz ranks 2Before him is Roald Amundsen. After him are Wilhelm Wien, Leoš Janáček, Maria Feodorovna, Max Scheler, Emmeline Pankhurst, Édouard-Henri Avril, Pyotr Wrangel, Theodore William Richards, Johannes Fibiger, and Franz Stuck.

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In Netherlands

Among people born in Netherlands, Hendrik Lorentz ranks 17 out of 1,427Before him are Christiaan Huygens (1629), Hugo Grotius (1583), Mata Hari (1876), Abel Tasman (1603), Beatrix of the Netherlands (1938), and Daniel Bernoulli (1700). After him are M. C. Escher (1898), William III of England (1650), Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff (1852), Pieter Zeeman (1865), Pope Adrian VI (1459), and Willem Barentsz (1550).

Among PHYSICISTS In Netherlands

Among physicists born in Netherlands, Hendrik Lorentz ranks 3Before him are Christiaan Huygens (1629) and Daniel Bernoulli (1700). After him are Pieter Zeeman (1865), Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837), Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (1853), Peter Debye (1884), Frits Zernike (1888), Nicolaas Bloembergen (1920), Martinus J. G. Veltman (1931), Simon van der Meer (1925), and Jan Ingenhousz (1730).