New games! PlayTrivia andBirthle.


Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

1853 - 1926

Photo of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Icon of person Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɛikə ˈkaːmərlɪŋ ˈɔnəs]; 21 September 1853 – 21 February 1926) was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate. He exploited the Hampson–Linde cycle to investigate how materials behave when cooled to nearly absolute zero and later to liquefy helium for the first time, in 1908. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes has received more than 348,015 page views. His biography is available in 84 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 83 in 2019). Heike Kamerlingh Onnes is the 54th most popular physicist (down from 48th in 2019), the 27th most popular biography from Netherlands (down from 26th in 2019) and the 6th most popular Dutch Physicist.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes is most famous for his discovery of superconductivity. He was the first to liquefy helium, and he discovered that mercury has a critical temperature of 4.2 degrees Kelvin.

Memorability Metrics

  • 350k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.57

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 84

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 15.00

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.28

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes by language


Among physicists, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 54 out of 717Before him are Ludwig Boltzmann, Hermann von Helmholtz, Christian Doppler, Wilhelm Wien, Georges Lemaître, and Philipp Lenard. After him are Max Born, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Otto von Guericke, Gabriel Lippmann, Rudolf Clausius, and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1853, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 5Before him are Vincent van Gogh, Cecil Rhodes, Hendrik Lorentz, and Wilhelm Ostwald. After him are Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, Carl Larsson, Chulalongkorn, Albrecht Kossel, Aleksei Brusilov, José Martí, and Vladimir Solovyov. Among people deceased in 1926, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 8Before him are Antoni Gaudí, Mehmed VI, Rainer Maria Rilke, Harry Houdini, Emperor Taishō, and Rudolf Christoph Eucken. After him are Felix Dzerzhinsky, Camillo Golgi, Mary Cassatt, Emil Kraepelin, Sunjong of Korea, and Gertrude Bell.

Others Born in 1853

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1926

Go to all Rankings

In Netherlands

Among people born in Netherlands, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 27 out of 1,427Before him are Pieter Zeeman (1865), Pope Adrian VI (1459), Willem Barentsz (1550), Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837), Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1880), and Juliana of the Netherlands (1909). After him are Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165), William I of the Netherlands (1772), Rutger Hauer (1944), Peter Debye (1884), Johan Huizinga (1872), and Paul Verhoeven (1938).

Among PHYSICISTS In Netherlands

Among physicists born in Netherlands, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 6Before him are Christiaan Huygens (1629), Daniel Bernoulli (1700), Hendrik Lorentz (1853), Pieter Zeeman (1865), and Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837). After him are Peter Debye (1884), Frits Zernike (1888), Nicolaas Bloembergen (1920), Martinus J. G. Veltman (1931), Simon van der Meer (1925), and Jan Ingenhousz (1730).