Heike Kamerlingh Onnes

1853 - 1926

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Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (21 September 1853 – 21 February 1926) was a Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate. He exploited the Hampson–Linde cycle to investigate how materials behave when cooled to nearly absolute zero and later to liquefy helium for the first time, in 1908. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Heike Kamerlingh Onnes has received more than 282,361 page views. His biography is available in 83 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 82 in 2019). Heike Kamerlingh Onnes is the 48th most popular physicist (down from 46th in 2019), the 26th most popular biography from Netherlands and the 6th most popular Dutch Physicist.

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes is most famous for his discovery of superconductivity. He was the first to liquefy helium, and he discovered that mercury has a critical temperature of 4.2 degrees Kelvin.

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Among physicists, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 48 out of 721Before him are Philipp Lenard, Ludwig Boltzmann, Paul Dirac, Hermann von Helmholtz, Johannes Diderik van der Waals, and Christian Doppler. After him are William Gilbert, Georges Lemaître, James Chadwick, Otto von Guericke, Wilhelm Wien, and Max Born.

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Among people born in 1853, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 5Before him are Vincent van Gogh, Cecil Rhodes, Hendrik Lorentz, and Wilhelm Ostwald. After him are Chulalongkorn, Aleksei Brusilov, Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, Carl Larsson, José Martí, Vladimir Solovyov, and Ferdinand Hodler. Among people deceased in 1926, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 6Before him are Claude Monet, Antoni Gaudí, Rainer Maria Rilke, Mehmed VI, and Harry Houdini. After him are Emperor Taishō, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Camillo Golgi, Gertrude Bell, and Rudolph Valentino.

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In Netherlands

Among people born in Netherlands, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 26 out of 1,209Before him are William III of England (1650), Willem Barentsz (1550), Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff (1852), Pieter Zeeman (1865), Juliana of the Netherlands (1909), and Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837). After him are Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1880), Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1165), Rinus Michels (1928), William I of the Netherlands (1772), Johan Huizinga (1872), and Rutger Hauer (1944).

Among PHYSICISTS In Netherlands

Among physicists born in Netherlands, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes ranks 6Before him are Christiaan Huygens (1629), Daniel Bernoulli (1700), Hendrik Lorentz (1853), Pieter Zeeman (1865), and Johannes Diderik van der Waals (1837). After him are Peter Debye (1884), Simon van der Meer (1925), Frits Zernike (1888), Nicolaas Bloembergen (1920), Martinus J. G. Veltman (1931), and Jan Ingenhousz (1730).