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Halford Mackinder

1861 - 1947

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Sir Halford John Mackinder (15 February 1861 – 6 March 1947) was an English geographer, academic and politician, who is regarded as one of the founding fathers of both geopolitics and geostrategy. He was the first Principal of University Extension College, Reading (which became the University of Reading) from 1892 to 1903, and Director of the London School of Economics from 1903 to 1908. While continuing his academic career part-time, he was also the Conservative and Unionist Member of Parliament for Glasgow Camlachie from 1910 to 1922. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Halford Mackinder has received more than 455,614 page views. His biography is available in 39 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Halford Mackinder is the 1,278th most popular politician (up from 1,420th in 2019), the 307th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 351st in 2019) and the 59th most popular British Politician.

Halford Mackinder was a geographer who is most famous for his theory of the Heartland. He believed that the most important geopolitical region in the world was the Heartland, which is the center of Eurasia.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 39

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.93

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.13

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Halford Mackinder ranks 1,278 out of 15,577Before him are Jovian, Ludwig III of Bavaria, Peter of Castile, As-Saffah, Emperor Wu of Jin, and Herod Agrippa. After him are Fredrik Bajer, Henry the Lion, Æthelred the Unready, Totila, Georgy Lvov, and Paul Bocuse.

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Among people born in 1861, Halford Mackinder ranks 14Before him are James Naismith, Victor Horta, Erich von Falkenhayn, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Alfred North Whitehead, and Robert Bosch. After him are Georgy Lvov, Frederick Gowland Hopkins, Aristide Maillol, Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland, H. H. Holmes, and Pehr Evind Svinhufvud. Among people deceased in 1947, Halford Mackinder ranks 16Before him are Jozef Tiso, Victor Horta, George II of Greece, Raoul Wallenberg, Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, and Alfred North Whitehead. After him are Ettore Bugatti, Black Dahlia, Han van Meegeren, Aung San, Anton Denikin, and Ernst Lubitsch.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Halford Mackinder ranks 307 out of 7,765Before him are William Henry Bragg (1862), Tim Berners-Lee (1955), Richard Trevithick (1771), Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885), Peter Ustinov (1921), and Emmeline Pankhurst (1858). After him are Æthelred the Unready (968), Patrick Stewart (1940), John Hurt (1940), David II of Scotland (1324), William Petty (1623), and Edward Gibbon (1737).

Among POLITICIANS In United Kingdom

Among politicians born in United Kingdom, Halford Mackinder ranks 59Before him are Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley (1545), David Lloyd George (1863), Ælla of Northumbria (800), Harthacnut (1018), Harold Macmillan (1894), and Richard Cromwell (1626). After him are Æthelred the Unready (968), David II of Scotland (1324), Anne Neville (1456), Æthelred I, King of Wessex (837), Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (1220), and Marie of Romania (1875).