Gustav Kirchhoff

1824 - 1887

Photo of Gustav Kirchhoff

Icon of person Gustav Kirchhoff

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (German: [ˈkɪʁçhɔf]; 12 March 1824 – 17 October 1887) was a German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits, spectroscopy, and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects.He coined the term black-body radiation in 1862. Several different sets of concepts are named "Kirchhoff's laws" after him, concerning such diverse subjects as black-body radiation and spectroscopy, electrical circuits, and thermochemistry. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gustav Kirchhoff has received more than 635,438 page views. His biography is available in 79 different languages on Wikipedia. Gustav Kirchhoff is the 34th most popular physicist, the 61st most popular biography from Russia (down from 54th in 2019) and the most popular Russian Physicist.

Gustav Kirchhoff is most famous for his law of thermodynamics which states that the sum of the heat absorbed by a system and the work done on the system is equal to the heat emitted by the system.

Memorability Metrics

  • 640k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.73

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 79

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.22

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.44

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Gustav Kirchhoffs by language


Among physicists, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 34 out of 721Before him are Luigi Galvani, Louis de Broglie, Henry Cavendish, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Richard Feynman, and J. J. Thomson. After him are Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Ernst Mach, Wolfgang Pauli, Andrei Sakharov, Lise Meitner, and Pieter Zeeman.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1824, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 4Before him are Bedřich Smetana, Alexandre Dumas fils, and Anton Bruckner. After him are William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Maria Alexandrovna, Eugène Boudin, Paul Broca, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Wilkie Collins, and Pierre Janssen. Among people deceased in 1887, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 2Before him is Alexander Borodin. After him are Gustav Fechner, Jenny Lind, Eugène Edine Pottier, Multatuli, Aleksandr Ulyanov, Ivan Kramskoi, Johann Jakob Bachofen, Juan, Count of Montizón, Doc Holliday, and Carolyne zu Sayn-Wittgenstein.

Others Born in 1824

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1887

Go to all Rankings

In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 61 out of 2,688Before him are Rurik (830), Alexander Borodin (1833), Alexander Nevsky (1220), Vasily Zaitsev (1915), Mikhail Kalashnikov (1919), and Vladimir the Great (958). After him are Boris Godunov (1552), Konstantin Stanislavski (1863), Feodor I of Russia (1557), Andrei Sakharov (1921), Frederick I of Prussia (1657), and Peter Kropotkin (1842).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 1After him are Andrei Sakharov (1921), Wilhelm Wien (1864), Mikhail Lomonosov (1711), Arnold Sommerfeld (1868), Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Tamm (1895), Ilya Frank (1908), Pyotr Kapitsa (1894), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Nikolay Basov (1922), and Igor Kurchatov (1903).