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Gustav Kirchhoff

1824 - 1887

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Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (German: [ˈkɪʁçhɔf]; 12 March 1824 – 17 October 1887) was a German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits, spectroscopy, and the emission of black-body radiation by heated objects.He coined the term black-body radiation in 1862. Several different sets of concepts are named "Kirchhoff's laws" after him, concerning such diverse subjects as black-body radiation and spectroscopy, electrical circuits, and thermochemistry. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gustav Kirchhoff has received more than 722,539 page views. His biography is available in 81 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 79 in 2019). Gustav Kirchhoff is the 32nd most popular physicist (up from 34th in 2019), the 55th most popular biography from Russia (up from 61st in 2019) and the most popular Russian Physicist.

Gustav Kirchhoff is most famous for his law of thermodynamics which states that the sum of the heat absorbed by a system and the work done on the system is equal to the heat emitted by the system.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 81

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.62

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.25

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 32 out of 717Before him are Luigi Galvani, Daniel Bernoulli, Richard Feynman, Hendrik Lorentz, Ibn al-Haytham, and Henry Cavendish. After him are Louis de Broglie, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, William Gilbert, Paul Dirac, Léon Foucault, and Lise Meitner.

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Among people born in 1824, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 4Before him are Bedřich Smetana, Alexandre Dumas fils, and Anton Bruckner. After him are William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Maria Alexandrovna, Jean-Léon Gérôme, Eugène Boudin, Paul Broca, Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Marie Duplessis, and Wilkie Collins. Among people deceased in 1887, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 1After him are Alexander Borodin, Gustav Fechner, Jenny Lind, Eugène Edine Pottier, Aleksandr Ulyanov, Ivan Kramskoi, Multatuli, Johann Jakob Bachofen, Alfred Krupp, Juan, Count of Montizón, and Jules Laforgue.

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 55 out of 3,262Before him are Turhan Hatice Sultan (1627), David Hilbert (1862), Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (1895), Vladimir the Great (958), Boris Godunov (1552), and Sergey Lavrov (1950). After him are Andrei Tarkovsky (1932), Rurik (830), Stanislav Petrov (1939), Georg Cantor (1845), Feodor I of Russia (1557), and Vasily Zaitsev (1915).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Gustav Kirchhoff ranks 1After him are Andrei Sakharov (1921), Wilhelm Wien (1864), Mikhail Lomonosov (1711), Arnold Sommerfeld (1868), Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Tamm (1895), Igor Kurchatov (1903), Pyotr Kapitsa (1894), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Ilya Frank (1908), and Nikolay Basov (1922).