Grace Hopper

1906 - 1992

Grace Hopper

Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (née Murray December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first linkers. She popularized the idea of machine-independent programming languages, which led to the development of COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today. Prior to joining the Navy, Hopper earned a Ph.D. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Grace Hopper has received more than 3,395,181 page views. Her biography is available in 59 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 2nd most popular computer scientist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.56

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 59

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.18

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.45

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Grace Hoppers by language


Among computer scientists, Grace Hopper ranks 2 out of 187Before her are Alan Turing. After her are Tim Berners-Lee, Richard Stallman, Dennis Ritchie, Donald Knuth, Edsger W. Dijkstra, Lotfi A. Zadeh, Niklaus Wirth, John McCarthy, Linus Torvalds, and Marvin Minsky.

Most Popular Computer Scientists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1906, Grace Hopper ranks 9Before her are Hannah Arendt, Dmitri Shostakovich, Samuel Beckett, Puyi, Aristotle Onassis, and Luchino Visconti. After her are Kurt Gödel, Albert Hofmann, Henri Charrière, Sergei Korolev, Josephine Baker, and Roberto Rossellini. Among people deceased in 1992, Grace Hopper ranks 6Before her are Marlene Dietrich, Isaac Asimov, Willy Brandt, Alexander Dubček, and Friedrich Hayek. After her are Menachem Begin, Astor Piazzolla, Francis Bacon, John Cage, Olivier Messiaen, and Mikhail Tal.

Others Born in 1906

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1992

Go to all Rankings

In United States

Among people born in United States, Grace Hopper ranks 116 out of 12,171Before her are Katharine Hepburn (1907), Douglas MacArthur (1880), Barack Obama (1961), Dick Cheney (1941), Martin Scorsese (1942), and Richard Feynman (1918). After her are Gerald Ford (1913), William James (1842), Ray Charles (1930), John Adams (1735), Carl Rogers (1902), and Dr. Seuss (1904).


Among computer scientists born in United States, Grace Hopper ranks 1After her are Richard Stallman (1953), Dennis Ritchie (1941), Donald Knuth (1938), John McCarthy (1927), Marvin Minsky (1927), Ray Kurzweil (1948), Andrew S. Tanenbaum (1944), Ken Thompson (1943), Vint Cerf (1943), Alan Kay (1940), and George Dantzig (1914).

Computer Scientists Born in United States

Go to all Rankings