Grace Hopper

1906 - 1992

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Grace Brewster Murray Hopper (née Murray; December 9, 1906 – January 1, 1992) was an American computer scientist and United States Navy rear admiral. One of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computer, she was a pioneer of computer programming who invented one of the first linkers. Hopper was the first to devise the theory of machine-independent programming languages, and the FLOW-MATIC programming language she created using this theory was later extended to create COBOL, an early high-level programming language still in use today. Prior to joining the Navy, Hopper earned a Ph.D. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Grace Hopper has received more than 4,021,389 page views. Her biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Grace Hopper is the 2nd most popular computer scientist, the 121st most popular biography from United States (down from 116th in 2019) and the most popular American Computer Scientist.

Grace Hopper was most famous for her work in the field of computer programming. She was a pioneer in the field of computer programming, and was the first person to develop a compiler for a computer programming language.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 80.62

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 63

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 14.86

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.36

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among computer scientists, Grace Hopper ranks 2 out of 205Before her are Alan Turing. After her are Tim Berners-Lee, Dennis Ritchie, Richard Stallman, Donald Knuth, Edsger W. Dijkstra, Niklaus Wirth, Lotfi A. Zadeh, John McCarthy, Linus Torvalds, and Edgar F. Codd.

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Among people born in 1906, Grace Hopper ranks 8Before her are Adolf Eichmann, Hannah Arendt, Puyi, Dmitri Shostakovich, Samuel Beckett, and Aristotle Onassis. After her are Luchino Visconti, Kurt Gödel, Henri Charrière, Victor Vasarely, Albert Hofmann, and Billy Wilder. Among people deceased in 1992, Grace Hopper ranks 5Before her are Marlene Dietrich, Isaac Asimov, Alexander Dubček, and Friedrich Hayek. After her are Willy Brandt, Menachem Begin, John Cage, Astor Piazzolla, Francis Bacon, Mikhail Tal, and Olivier Messiaen.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Grace Hopper ranks 121 out of 15,968Before her are Katharine Hepburn (1907), William James (1842), Harvey Weinstein (1952), Barack Obama (1961), Sharon Tate (1943), and J. D. Salinger (1919). After her are Richard Feynman (1918), John Steinbeck (1902), Carl Rogers (1902), H. P. Lovecraft (1890), Steven Seagal (1952), and Steve McQueen (1930).


Among computer scientists born in United States, Grace Hopper ranks 1After her are Dennis Ritchie (1941), Richard Stallman (1953), Donald Knuth (1938), John McCarthy (1927), Ken Thompson (1943), Ray Kurzweil (1948), Andrew S. Tanenbaum (1944), Vint Cerf (1943), George Dantzig (1914), Larry Page (1973), and Alan Kay (1940).