Giorgio de Chirico

1888 - 1978

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Giorgio de Chirico ( KIRR-ik-oh, Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko]; 10 July 1888 – 20 November 1978) was an Italian artist and writer born in Greece. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists. His most well-known works often feature Roman arcades, long shadows, mannequins, trains, and illogical perspective. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Giorgio de Chirico has received more than 844,888 page views. His biography is available in 49 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 48 in 2019). Giorgio de Chirico is the 111th most popular painter (down from 109th in 2019), the 75th most popular biography from Greece (down from 73rd in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Greek Painter.

Giorgio de Chirico is most famous for his paintings of urban scenes, which are characterized by their dreamlike qualities.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 49

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.82

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.94

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among painters, Giorgio de Chirico ranks 111 out of 1,428Before him are Franz Marc, Apelles, Ivan Aivazovsky, Francis Bacon, Francisco de Zurbarán, and Pieter Brueghel the Younger. After him are Annibale Carracci, Rogier van der Weyden, Andrea del Sarto, Parmigianino, Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun, and Tamara de Lempicka.

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Among people born in 1888, Giorgio de Chirico ranks 9Before him are Fernando Pessoa, Dale Carnegie, Alexander I of Yugoslavia, John Logie Baird, Carl Schmitt, and Nikolai Bukharin. After him are Otto Stern, José Raúl Capablanca, Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Nestor Makhno, Raymond Chandler, and Jean Monnet. Among people deceased in 1978, Giorgio de Chirico ranks 10Before him are Aram Khachaturian, Kurt Gödel, Adolf Dassler, Santiago Bernabéu Yeste, Jacques Brel, and Aldo Moro. After him are Ramón Mercader, Margaret Mead, Umberto Nobile, Anastas Mikoyan, Manne Siegbahn, and John Cazale.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Giorgio de Chirico ranks 75 out of 855Before him are Vangelis (1943), Clement of Alexandria (150), Nana Mouskouri (1934), Paul of Greece (1901), Lysippos (-390), and Demetrius of Thessaloniki (270). After him are John V Palaiologos (1332), Antigonus I Monophthalmus (-382), Hephaestion (-356), Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark (1882), Nâzım Hikmet (1902), and Lysimachus (-361).

Among PAINTERS In Greece

Among painters born in Greece, Giorgio de Chirico ranks 2Before him are El Greco (1541). After him are Agatharchus (-500), Nikolaos Gyzis (1842), Jannis Kounellis (1936), Apollodorus (-500), Euphranor (-301), and Amasis Painter (-550).