Gertrude B. Elion

1918 - 1999

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Gertrude "Trudy" Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) was an American biochemist and pharmacologist, who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George H. Hitchings and Sir James Black for their use of innovative methods of rational drug design for the development of new drugs. This new method focused on understanding the target of the drug rather than simply using trial-and-error. Her work led to the creation of the AIDS drug AZT. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gertrude B. Elion has received more than 369,613 page views. Her biography is available in 62 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 58 in 2019). Gertrude B. Elion is the 54th most popular chemist (up from 68th in 2019), the 566th most popular biography from United States (down from 483rd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular American Chemist.

Gertrude B. Elion is most famous for her work in the field of pharmacology. She developed the first leukemia drug, AZT, which is used to treat HIV/AIDS. She also developed a drug called clofarabine, which is used to treat cancer in children.

Memorability Metrics

  • 370k

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  • 73.91

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 62

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.09

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.36

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chemists, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 54 out of 510Before her are Francis William Aston, Alfred Werner, Richard Willstätter, Paul Karrer, Claude Louis Berthollet, and Hermann Staudinger. After her are Adolf Butenandt, Fritz Pregl, Theodor Svedberg, Karl Ziegler, Michel Eugène Chevreul, and John Stith Pemberton.

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Among people born in 1918, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 21Before her are Ken Miles, Katherine Johnson, Frederick Sanger, Alberto Ascari, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, and William Holden. After her are Billy Graham, James Tobin, Maurice Druon, Rosalia Lombardo, Muriel Spark, and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. Among people deceased in 1999, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 12Before her are Hassan II of Morocco, Wilt Chamberlain, Pete Conrad, Joaquín Rodrigo, Yehudi Menuhin, and Wassily Leontief. After her are Amália Rodrigues, Georgios Papadopoulos, Robert Bresson, Raisa Gorbacheva, Fred Trump, and Willi Stoph.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 566 out of 15,968Before her are Scott Joplin (1868), Glenn Close (1947), John Wayne Gacy (1942), Martin Landau (1928), Michael Keaton (1951), and Benny Goodman (1909). After her are Josephine Cochrane (1839), Steven Tyler (1948), Ted Kennedy (1932), Alan Shepard (1923), Willem Dafoe (1955), and Nancy Reagan (1921).

Among CHEMISTS In United States

Among chemists born in United States, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 3Before her are Linus Pauling (1901) and Edwin McMillan (1907). After her are John Stith Pemberton (1831), Kary Mullis (1944), Harold Urey (1893), Melvin Calvin (1911), Wendell Meredith Stanley (1904), Irving Langmuir (1881), Theodore William Richards (1868), John Howard Northrop (1891), and Gilbert N. Lewis (1875).