Gertrude B. Elion

1918 - 1999

Gertrude B. Elion

{{Use mdy dates|date=May 2006 Gertrude "Trudy" Belle Elion (January 23, 1918 – February 21, 1999) was an American biochemist and pharmacologist, who shared the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with George H. Hitchings and Sir James Black for their use of innovative methods of rational drug design for the development of new drugs. This new method focused on understanding the target of the drug rather than simply using trial-and-error. Her work led to the creation of the AIDS drug AZT. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Gertrude B. Elion has received more than 297,660 page views. Her biography is available in 58 different languages on Wikipedia making her the 68th most popular chemist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 300k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.45

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 58

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.77

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.37

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Gertrude B. Elions by language


Among chemists, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 68 out of 473Before her are Francis William Aston, Richard Kuhn, Adolf Windaus, Gerty Cori, Arne Tiselius, and Jan Baptist van Helmont. After her are Vladimir Prelog, Michel Eugène Chevreul, Jacques Monod, Martin Heinrich Klaproth, Theodore William Richards, and Friedrich Bergius.

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Among people born in 1918, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 18Before her are Robert Wadlow, Jørn Utzon, Frederick Sanger, Helmut Schmidt, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, and Alberto Ascari. After her are Maurice Druon, Martin Ryle, Kai Siegbahn, William Holden, Jens Christian Skou, and James Tobin. Among people deceased in 1999, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 13Before her are Scatman John, Joaquín Rodrigo, Amália Rodrigues, Yehudi Menuhin, Wilt Chamberlain, and Wassily Leontief. After her are Georgios Papadopoulos, Robert Bresson, Anatoliy Solovianenko, Jerzy Grotowski, Willi Stoph, and Joe DiMaggio.

Others Born in 1918

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Others Deceased in 1999

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 483 out of 12,171Before her are Shaquille O'Neal (1972), Lady Gaga (1986), Leonard Nimoy (1931), Sidney Poitier (1927), Margaret Brown (1867), and Willem Dafoe (1955). After her are Chester W. Nimitz (1885), Lewis H. Morgan (1818), Zodiac Killer (1940), Toni Morrison (1931), Edgar Cayce (1877), and James Caan (1940).

Among CHEMISTS In United States

Among chemists born in United States, Gertrude B. Elion ranks 5Before her are Linus Pauling (1901), Edwin McMillan (1907), John Stith Pemberton (1831), and Melvin Calvin (1911). After her are Theodore William Richards (1868), Harold Urey (1893), John Howard Northrop (1891), Irving Langmuir (1881), Gilbert N. Lewis (1875), Raymond Davis Jr. (1914), and Wendell Meredith Stanley (1904).