Georges Méliès

1861 - 1938

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Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès (; French: [meljɛs]; 8 December 1861 – 21 January 1938), was a French illusionist, actor and film director who led many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinema. Méliès was well known for the use of special effects, popularizing such techniques as substitution splices, multiple exposures, time-lapse photography, dissolves, and hand-painted colour. He was also one of the first filmmakers to use storyboards. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Georges Méliès has received more than 2,326,675 page views. His biography is available in 63 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). Georges Méliès is the 23rd most popular film director (down from 22nd in 2019), the 207th most popular biography from France (down from 192nd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular French Film Director.

Georges Méliès is most famous for being the first person to use special effects in movies, like stop motion and time-lapse photography.

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  • 63

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.47

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.22

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among film directors, Georges Méliès ranks 23 out of 1,580Before him are Leni Riefenstahl, Luchino Visconti, Luis Buñuel, Miloš Forman, Jean-Luc Godard, and Bernardo Bertolucci. After him are François Truffaut, Michelangelo Antonioni, Pedro Almodóvar, David Lynch, Quentin Tarantino, and George Lucas.

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Among people born in 1861, Georges Méliès ranks 6Before him are Rabindranath Tagore, Rudolf Steiner, Mehmed VI, Fridtjof Nansen, and Lou Andreas-Salomé. After him are James Naismith, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Victor Horta, Charles Édouard Guillaume, Erich von Falkenhayn, and Alfred North Whitehead. Among people deceased in 1938, Georges Méliès ranks 3Before him are Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and Edmund Husserl. After him are Konstantin Stanislavski, Karel Čapek, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Nikolai Bukharin, Béla Kun, Faustina Kowalska, Kanō Jigorō, Charles Édouard Guillaume, and Karl Kautsky.

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In France

Among people born in France, Georges Méliès ranks 207 out of 5,234Before him are Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon (1635), John II of France (1319), Augustin-Louis Cauchy (1789), Guy of Lusignan (1150), Joseph Bonaparte (1768), and Charles the Simple (879). After him are Alfred Sisley (1839), Catherine Deneuve (1943), Charles-Augustin de Coulomb (1736), Jean-Baptiste-Camille Corot (1796), Georges Pompidou (1911), and Olympe de Gouges (1748).


Among film directors born in France, Georges Méliès ranks 3Before him are Roman Polanski (1933) and Jean-Luc Godard (1930). After him are François Truffaut (1932), Jacques Tati (1907), Éric Rohmer (1920), Roger Vadim (1928), William Wyler (1902), Claude Chabrol (1930), Alain Resnais (1922), Luc Besson (1959), and Jean-Jacques Annaud (1943).