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Fukuzawa Yukichi

1835 - 1901

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Fukuzawa Yukichi (福澤 諭吉, January 10, 1835 – February 3, 1901) was a Japanese educator, philosopher, writer, entrepreneur and samurai who founded Keio University, the newspaper Jiji-Shinpō, and the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases. Fukuzawa was an early advocate for reform in Japan. His ideas about the organization of government and the structure of social institutions made a lasting impression on a rapidly changing Japan during the Meiji period. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Fukuzawa Yukichi has received more than 590,019 page views. His biography is available in 34 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 32 in 2019). Fukuzawa Yukichi is the 367th most popular philosopher (down from 340th in 2019), the 148th most popular biography from Japan (down from 112th in 2019) and the most popular Japanese Philosopher.

Fukuzawa Yukichi is most famous for his book "An Outline of a Theory of Civilization," in which he argued that Japan's cultural identity is based on the "three pillars" of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Shinto.

Memorability Metrics

  • 590k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 61.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 34

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 2.69

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.37

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Fukuzawa Yukichis by language


Among philosophers, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 367 out of 1,081Before him are Macrobius, Alexandre Kojève, Mulla Sadra, Ronald Dworkin, Edward de Bono, and Günther Anders. After him are Archelaus, Johann Georg Hamann, Moses Hess, Masanobu Fukuoka, H. L. A. Hart, and Jacques Lefèvre d'Étaples.

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Among people born in 1835, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 19Before him are Demetrius Vikelas, Giosuè Carducci, Eduard Strauss, Josef Stefan, William Stanley Jevons, and Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. After him are Nikolai Rubinstein, Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern, Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Shoqan Walikhanov, Iwasaki Yatarō, and Elisha Gray. Among people deceased in 1901, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 15Before him are Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Milan I of Serbia, Charles Hermite, Li Hongzhang, and Abdur Rahman Khan. After him are Zénobe Gramme, Gaetano Bresci, Elisha Gray, Paul Rée, Josef Rheinberger, and Francesco Crispi.

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In Japan

Among people born in Japan, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 148 out of 6,048Before him are Emperor Kaika (-208), Nobusuke Kishi (1896), Junichiro Koizumi (1942), Ko Arima (1917), Kuniaki Koiso (1880), and Eisaku Satō (1901). After him are Tokugawa Hidetada (1579), Masanobu Fukuoka (1913), Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797), Nagisa Oshima (1932), Yasuo Fukuda (1936), and Masaki Kobayashi (1916).


Among philosophers born in Japan, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 1After him are Masanobu Fukuoka (1913), Kitaro Nishida (1870), Daisaku Ikeda (1928), George Ohsawa (1893), Motoori Norinaga (1730), Hakuin Ekaku (1686), Hayashi Razan (1583), Arai Hakuseki (1657), and Ogyū Sorai (1666).