Fukuzawa Yukichi

1835 - 1901

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Fukuzawa Yukichi (福澤 諭吉, January 10, 1835 – February 3, 1901) was a Japanese author, writer, teacher, translator, entrepreneur, journalist, and leader who founded Keio University, Jiji-Shinpō (a newspaper) and the Institute for Study of Infectious Diseases. Fukuzawa was an early Japanese advocate for reform. Fukuzawa's ideas about the organization of government and the structure of social institutions made a lasting impression on a rapidly changing Japan during the Meiji period. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Fukuzawa Yukichi has received more than 429,132 page views. His biography is available in 32 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 31 in 2019). Fukuzawa Yukichi is the 340th most popular philosopher (up from 349th in 2019), the 112th most popular biography from Japan (up from 124th in 2019) and the most popular Japanese Philosopher.

Fukuzawa Yukichi is most famous for his book "An Outline of a Theory of Civilization," in which he argued that Japan's cultural identity is based on the "three pillars" of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Shinto.

Memorability Metrics

  • 430k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 71.17

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 32

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 3.01

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.93

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 340 out of 1,089Before him are Pietro Pomponazzi, Macrobius, Peter Singer, Anacharsis, Haji Bektash Veli, and Hwang Jini. After him are Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, Moses Hess, Juan Luis Vives, Isaac Abarbanel, Judith Butler, and Miskawayh.

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Among people born in 1835, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 17Before him are Henryk Wieniawski, Samuel Butler, Demetrius Vikelas, Josef Stefan, Giosuè Carducci, and William Stanley Jevons. After him are Eduard Strauss, Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern, Nikolai Rubinstein, Shoqan Walikhanov, Iwasaki Yatarō, and Hijikata Toshizō. Among people deceased in 1901, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 14Before him are William McKinley, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Milan I of Serbia, Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Charles Hermite, and Li Hongzhang. After him are Abdur Rahman Khan, Zénobe Gramme, Elisha Gray, Gaetano Bresci, Max Joseph von Pettenkofer, and Francesco Crispi.

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In Japan

Among people born in Japan, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 112 out of 5,560Before him are Emperor Kōshō (-505), Yasuo Fukuda (1936), Emperor Kōan (-427), Mori Ōgai (1862), Yamagata Aritomo (1838), and Issei Sagawa (1949). After him are Hōjō Tokimune (1251), Emperor Reigen (1654), Emperor Higashiyama (1675), Iwane Matsui (1878), Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797), and Kobayashi Issa (1763).


Among philosophers born in Japan, Fukuzawa Yukichi ranks 1After him are Masanobu Fukuoka (1913), Daisaku Ikeda (1928), Kitaro Nishida (1870), Hakuin Ekaku (1686), Hayashi Razan (1583), Motoori Norinaga (1730), Arai Hakuseki (1657), and Ogyū Sorai (1666).