Friedrich Martens

1845 - 1909

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Friedrich Fromhold Martens, or Friedrich Fromhold von Martens, also known as Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens (Фёдор Фёдорович Мартенс) in Russian and Frédéric Frommhold (de) Martens in French (27 August [O.S. 15 August] 1845 – 19 June [O.S. 6 June] 1909) was a diplomat and jurist in service of the Russian Empire who made important contributions to the science of international law. He represented Russia at the Hague Peace Conferences (during which he drafted the Martens Clause) and helped to settle the first cases of international arbitration, notably the dispute between France and the United Kingdom over Newfoundland. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich Martens has received more than 38,452 page views. His biography is available in 19 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 18 in 2019). Friedrich Martens is the 41st most popular diplomat (down from 37th in 2019), the 45th most popular biography from Estonia (up from 46th in 2019) and the most popular Estonian Diplomat.

Memorability Metrics

  • 38k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 64.26

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 19

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.68

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.04

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Friedrich Martens by language


Among diplomats, Friedrich Martens ranks 41 out of 51Before him are Jean Kennedy Smith, Amr Moussa, Richard Holbrooke, Yukiya Amano, Roger Casement, and George Blake. After him are Ángel Sanz Briz, Damião de Góis, Ralph Bunche, J. Christopher Stevens, Jules Cambon, and Adlai Stevenson II.

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Among people born in 1845, Friedrich Martens ranks 41Before him are Walter Crane, Ödön Lechner, Émile Boutroux, Eugène Grasset, Jan Czerski, and Jules Guesde. After him are William, Prince of Wied, Prince Ludwig August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Àngel Guimerà, Elihu Root, Antonio Maceo Grajales, and Ivan Puluj. Among people deceased in 1909, Friedrich Martens ranks 35Before him are Jakub Bart-Ćišinski, Joshua Slocum, Emil Christian Hansen, Naftali Herz Imber, George Meredith, and Venceslaus Ulricus Hammershaimb. After him are Giuseppe Martucci, Zhang Zhidong, Count Kasimir Felix Badeni, John Millington Synge, Karl Krumbacher, and Charles-Louis Philippe.

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In Estonia

Among people born in Estonia, Friedrich Martens ranks 45 out of 276Before him are Leonid Kulik (1883), Anton Hansen Tammsaare (1878), Hermann von Keyserling (1880), Karl Ernst Claus (1796), Eduard Tubin (1905), and Jüri Lossmann (1891). After him are Johann Voldemar Jannsen (1819), Veljo Tormis (1930), Johannes Aavik (1880), Marie Under (1883), Aleksander Klumberg (1899), and Lionel Kieseritzky (1806).

Among DIPLOMATS In Estonia

Among diplomats born in Estonia, Friedrich Martens ranks 1