Friedrich List

1789 - 1846

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Georg Friedrich List (6 August 1789 – 30 November 1846) was a German-American economist who developed the "National System" of political economy. He was a forefather of the German historical school of economics, and argued for the German Customs Union from a Nationalist standpoint. He advocated imposing tariffs on imported goods while supporting free trade of domestic goods, and stated the cost of a tariff should be seen as an investment in a nation's future productivity.List was a political liberal who collaborated with Karl von Rotteck and Carl Theodor Welcker on the Rotteck-Welckersches Staatslexikon, an encyclopedia of political science that advocated constitutional liberalism and which influenced the Vormärz. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich List has received more than 367,192 page views. His biography is available in 33 different languages on Wikipedia. Friedrich List is the 42nd most popular economist (down from 29th in 2019), the 504th most popular biography from Germany (down from 410th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Economist.

Friedrich List was a German economist who was most famous for his "National System of Political Economy" which advocated protectionism and government intervention in the economy.

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  • 2.20

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Among economists, Friedrich List ranks 42 out of 315Before him are Karl Polanyi, Benjamin Graham, Elinor Ostrom, Wassily Leontief, Ragnar Frisch, and Thorstein Veblen. After him are Gary Becker, Jacques Attali, Jan Tinbergen, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Frédéric Bastiat, and John Hicks.

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Among people born in 1789, Friedrich List ranks 5Before him are Georg Ohm, Augustin-Louis Cauchy, James Fenimore Cooper, and Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt. After him are María Isabella of Spain, Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Horace Vernet, Johann Friedrich Overbeck, Princess Charlotte of Denmark, Heinrich Schwabe, and Abbas Mirza. Among people deceased in 1846, Friedrich List ranks 5Before him are Pope Gregory XVI, Louis Bonaparte, Emperor Ninkō, and Friedrich Bessel. After him are Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Adam Johann von Krusenstern, Andrew Kim Taegon, Rodolphe Töpffer, Otto von Kotzebue, Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg, and Jean-Gaspard Deburau.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich List ranks 504 out of 6,142Before him are Wilhelm Schickard (1592), Werner von Fritsch (1880), Julia Drusilla (16), Patrick Süskind (1949), Otto Fritz Meyerhof (1884), and August Weismann (1834). After him are Aby Warburg (1866), Kurt Student (1890), Erich Kästner (1899), Otto Carius (1922), Hans Adolf Krebs (1900), and Otto Diels (1876).

Among ECONOMISTS In Germany

Among economists born in Germany, Friedrich List ranks 4Before him are Karl Marx (1818), Klaus Schwab (1938), and Wassily Leontief (1906). After him are Werner Sombart (1863), Johann Heinrich von Thünen (1783), Gottfried Feder (1883), Eugen Dühring (1833), Hermann Heinrich Gossen (1810), Alfred Weber (1868), Lorenz von Stein (1815), and Oskar Morgenstern (1902).