Friedrich List

1789 - 1846

Friedrich List

Georg Friedrich List (6 August 1789 – 30 November 1846) was a German-American economist who developed the "National System" of political economy. He was a forefather of the German historical school of economics, and argued for the German Customs Union from a Nationalist standpoint. He advocated imposing tariffs on imported goods while supporting free trade of domestic goods, and stated the cost of a tariff should be seen as an investment in a nation's future productivity.List was a political liberal who collaborated with Karl von Rotteck and Carl Theodor Welcker on the Rotteck-Welckersches Staatslexikon, an encyclopedia of political science that advocated constitutional liberalism and which influenced the Vormärz. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Friedrich List has received more than 257,103 page views. His biography is available in 32 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 36th most popular economist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 260k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.31

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 32

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.74

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.35

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among economists, Friedrich List ranks 36 out of 288Before him are Michael Porter, Wassily Leontief, Joseph Stiglitz, Carl Menger, Elinor Ostrom, and Alexander Hamilton. After him are Mario Draghi, Jacques Delors, Werner Sombart, Maurice Allais, Karl Polanyi, and Léon Walras.

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Among people born in 1789, Friedrich List ranks 5Before him are Georg Ohm, Augustin-Louis Cauchy, James Fenimore Cooper, and Ibrahim Pasha of Egypt. After him are María Isabella of Spain, Horace Vernet, Johann Friedrich Overbeck, Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Abbas Mirza, Heinrich Schwabe, and Princess Charlotte of Denmark. Among people deceased in 1846, Friedrich List ranks 5Before him are Pope Gregory XVI, Louis Bonaparte, Friedrich Bessel, and Emperor Ninkō. After him are Adam Johann von Krusenstern, Francis IV, Duke of Modena, Rodolphe Töpffer, Andrew Kim Taegon, Otto von Kotzebue, Domenico Dragonetti, and Esaias Tegnér.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Friedrich List ranks 433 out of 3,763Before him are Wilhelm List (1880), Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1784), Johann Gottfried Galle (1812), Peter Simon Pallas (1741), Ernest Augustus, Elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1629), and Adolf Galland (1912). After him are Patrick Süskind (1949), Ilse Koch (1906), Julius von Mayer (1814), Horst Wessel (1907), Richard von Weizsäcker (1920), and Bruno Bauer (1809).

Among ECONOMISTS In Germany

Among economists born in Germany, Friedrich List ranks 3Before him are Karl Marx (1818) and Wassily Leontief (1906). After him are Werner Sombart (1863), Johann Heinrich von Thünen (1783), Gottfried Feder (1883), Eugen Dühring (1833), Adolph Wagner (1835), Franz Oppenheimer (1864), Ernest Mandel (1923), Lorenz von Stein (1815), and Klaus Schwab (1938).

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