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Frederick Sanger

1918 - 2013

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Frederick Sanger (; 13 August 1918 – 19 November 2013) was an English biochemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry twice. He won the 1958 Chemistry Prize for determining the amino acid sequence of insulin and numerous other proteins, demonstrating in the process that each had a unique, definite structure; this was a foundational discovery for the central dogma of molecular biology. At the newly-constructed Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge, he developed and subsequently refined the first-ever DNA sequencing technique, which vastly expanded the number of feasible experiments in molecular biology and remains in widespread use today. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Frederick Sanger has received more than 921,944 page views. His biography is available in 78 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 76 in 2019). Frederick Sanger is the 35th most popular chemist (up from 39th in 2019), the 300th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 329th in 2019) and the 4th most popular British Chemist.

Frederick Sanger is most famous for his work in the field of biochemistry. He is credited with the discovery of the structure of insulin, which led to the development of a treatment for diabetes.

Memorability Metrics

  • 920k

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  • 68.29

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 78

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.52

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.11

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among chemists, Frederick Sanger ranks 35 out of 509Before him are Adolf von Baeyer, August Kekulé, Valery Legasov, John Stith Pemberton, Robert Bunsen, and William Ramsay. After him are Jan Baptist van Helmont, Carl Bosch, Walther Nernst, Gertrude B. Elion, Henrik Dam, and Ilya Prigogine.

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Among people born in 1918, Frederick Sanger ranks 15Before him are Rita Hayworth, Ken Miles, Louis Althusser, Helmut Schmidt, Leonard Bernstein, and Kurt Waldheim. After him are Gertrude B. Elion, Alberto Ascari, Katherine Johnson, Jørn Utzon, Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, and William Holden. Among people deceased in 2013, Frederick Sanger ranks 10Before him are Doris Lessing, Hugo Chávez, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, Võ Nguyên Giáp, Peter O'Toole, and Jorge Rafael Videla. After him are Paul Walker, Tom Clancy, Giuliano Gemma, Mohammed Omar, Joan Fontaine, and Ronald Coase.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Frederick Sanger ranks 300 out of 7,765Before him are Harthacnut (1018), Harold Macmillan (1894), Alfred North Whitehead (1861), David Suchet (1946), Thomas Becket (1119), and Richard Cromwell (1626). After him are William Henry Bragg (1862), Tim Berners-Lee (1955), Richard Trevithick (1771), Princess Alice of Battenberg (1885), Peter Ustinov (1921), and Emmeline Pankhurst (1858).

Among CHEMISTS In United Kingdom

Among chemists born in United Kingdom, Frederick Sanger ranks 4Before him are John Dalton (1766), Humphry Davy (1778), and William Ramsay (1852). After him are Frederick Soddy (1877), William Crookes (1832), Francis William Aston (1877), Frederick Gowland Hopkins (1861), Norman Haworth (1883), John Newlands (1837), Henry Hallett Dale (1875), and Robert Robinson (1886).