Francisco Varela

1946 - 2001

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Francisco Javier Varela García (September 7, 1946 – May 28, 2001) was a Chilean biologist, philosopher, cybernetician, and neuroscientist who, together with his mentor Humberto Maturana, is best known for introducing the concept of autopoiesis to biology, and for co-founding the Mind and Life Institute to promote dialog between science and Buddhism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francisco Varela has received more than 268,677 page views. His biography is available in 20 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 18 in 2019). Francisco Varela is the 263rd most popular biologist (up from 295th in 2019), the 33rd most popular biography from Chile (up from 35th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Chilean Biologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 270k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 65.12

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 20

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.04

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.82

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Francisco Varela ranks 263 out of 844Before him are Takenoshin Nakai, David Bruce, Ludwig Reichenbach, Waldemar Haffkine, Johann Friedrich von Brandt, and Wilder Penfield. After him are Otto Friedrich Müller, Alexander Georg von Bunge, Joy Adamson, Emil Christian Hansen, Henri Milne-Edwards, and August Grisebach.

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Among people born in 1946, Francisco Varela ranks 159Before him are Giuseppe Sinopoli, Claire Denis, Linda Ronstadt, Toktar Aubakirov, Goyo Benito, and Ti Lung. After him are Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester, Tom Savini, Antony Beevor, Tina Aumont, Brigitte Fossey, and Jan Kodeš. Among people deceased in 2001, Francisco Varela ranks 75Before him are Marcos Pérez Jiménez, Bill Hewlett, Giuseppe Sinopoli, John Phillips, Nikos Sampson, and Stefan Heym. After him are Alexey Maresyev, Jean-Pierre Aumont, David Lewis, Birendra of Nepal, Princess Maria Francesca of Savoy, and John Lewis.

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In Chile

Among people born in Chile, Francisco Varela ranks 33 out of 225Before him are Jorge Medina (1926), Roberto Matta (1911), Nicanor Parra (1914), Jorge Alessandri (1896), Orlando Letelier (1932), and Arturo Vidal (1987). After him are Gabriel González Videla (1898), Antonio Skármeta (1940), Sergio Badilla Castillo (1947), Patricio Guzmán (1941), Carlos Ibáñez del Campo (1877), and Juan Ignacio Molina (1740).


Among biologists born in Chile, Francisco Varela ranks 3Before him are Hugo Gunckel Lüer (1901) and Humberto Maturana (1928). After him are Juan Ignacio Molina (1740).