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Francisco Varela

1946 - 2001

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Francisco Javier Varela García (September 7, 1946 – May 28, 2001) was a Chilean biologist, philosopher, cybernetician, and neuroscientist who, together with his mentor Humberto Maturana, is best known for introducing the concept of autopoiesis to biology, and for co-founding the Mind and Life Institute to promote dialog between science and Buddhism. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francisco Varela has received more than 314,408 page views. His biography is available in 24 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 20 in 2019). Francisco Varela is the 220th most popular biologist (up from 263rd in 2019), the 32nd most popular biography from Chile (up from 33rd in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Chilean Biologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 310k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 55.71

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 24

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.43

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 1.92

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Francisco Varelas by language


Among biologists, Francisco Varela ranks 220 out of 841Before him are Adolf Engler, Eva Ekeblad, Bruce Beutler, H. Robert Horvitz, Peter Forsskål, and John Lindley. After him are Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot, Craig Venter, Gotthelf Fischer von Waldheim, Christen C. Raunkiær, Friedrich Loeffler, and Joseph Gaertner.

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Among people born in 1946, Francisco Varela ranks 159Before him are Malcolm McLaren, Giuseppe Sinopoli, George Young, Donovan, Norio Yoshimizu, and Stig Blomqvist. After him are Craig Venter, Jesualdo Ferreira, Tina Aumont, Alejandro Toledo, Krister Henriksson, and Alison Steadman. Among people deceased in 2001, Francisco Varela ranks 69Before him are John Phillips, Seishiro Shimatani, Princess Maria Francesca of Savoy, Giuseppe Sinopoli, Hannelore Kohl, and Anna Mani. After him are Masao Ono, Pierre Klossowski, Luis Carniglia, Gloria Foster, Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen, and Nikos Sampson.

Others Born in 1946

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In Chile

Among people born in Chile, Francisco Varela ranks 32 out of 265Before him are Raúl Ruiz (1941), Luis Corvalán (1916), Antonio Skármeta (1940), Nicanor Parra (1914), Roberto Matta (1911), and Laura Vicuña (1891). After him are Arturo Vidal (1987), Orlando Letelier (1932), Jorge Alessandri (1896), Leonel Sánchez (1936), Hortensia Bussi (1914), and Pedro Pascal (1975).


Among biologists born in Chile, Francisco Varela ranks 3Before him are Humberto Maturana (1928) and Hugo Gunckel Lüer (1901). After him are Juan Ignacio Molina (1740).