Francisco Franco

1892 - 1975

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Francisco Franco Bahamonde (Spanish: [fɾanˈθisko ˈfɾaŋko βa.aˈmonde]; 4 December 1892 – 20 November 1975) was a Spanish general who led the Nationalist forces in overthrowing the Second Spanish Republic during the Spanish Civil War and thereafter ruled over Spain from 1939 to 1975 as a dictator, assuming the title Caudillo. This period in Spanish history, from the Nationalist victory to Franco's death, is commonly known as Francoist Spain or the Francoist dictatorship. Born in Ferrol, Galicia, into an upper-class military family, Franco served in the Spanish Army as a cadet in the Toledo Infantry Academy from 1907 to 1910. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francisco Franco has received more than 8,807,251 page views. His biography is available in 100 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 97 in 2019). Francisco Franco is the 67th most popular politician (down from 63rd in 2019), the 9th most popular biography from Spain and the 3rd most popular Spanish Politician.

Francisco Franco was a Spanish general and dictator who ruled Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. He is most famous for the 36-year period of authoritarian rule during which he suppressed any opposition to his rule.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 86.81

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 100

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.92

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.90

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Francisco Franco ranks 67 out of 15,710Before him are Pontius Pilate, Hurrem Sultan, Benjamin Franklin, Kim Il-sung, Nebuchadnezzar II, and Lorenzo de' Medici. After him are Ronald Reagan, Ivan the Terrible, Richard I of England, Nicolae Ceaușescu, Nikita Khrushchev, and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor.

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Among people born in 1892, Francisco Franco ranks 3Before him are J. R. R. Tolkien and Josip Broz Tito. After him are Haile Selassie, Louis de Broglie, Walter Benjamin, Manfred von Richthofen, Ivo Andrić, Pearl S. Buck, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, and Oliver Hardy. Among people deceased in 1975, Francisco Franco ranks 1After him are Chiang Kai-shek, Hannah Arendt, Dmitri Shostakovich, Aristotle Onassis, Haile Selassie, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Ivo Andrić, Otto Skorzeny, Umm Kulthum, Faisal of Saudi Arabia, and Mikhail Bakhtin.

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Francisco Franco ranks 9 out of 2,595Before him are Carles Puigdemont (1962), Francisco Goya (1746), Antoni Gaudí (1852), Trajan (53), Seneca the Younger (-4), and Miguel de Cervantes (1547). After him are Diego Velázquez (1599), Averroes (1126), Hernán Cortés (1485), Theodosius I (340), Hadrian (76), and Philip II of Spain (1527).


Among politicians born in Spain, Francisco Franco ranks 3Before him are Carles Puigdemont (1962) and Trajan (53). After him are Theodosius I (340), Hadrian (76), Philip II of Spain (1527), Isabella I of Castile (1451), Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor (1503), Joanna of Castile (1479), Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452), Philip IV of Spain (1605), and Charles II of Spain (1661).