Empress Dowager Cixi

1835 - 1908

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Empress Dowager Cixi (29 November 1835 – 15 November 1908) was a Chinese empress dowager and regent who was the de facto supreme ruler of China in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years, from 1861 until her death in 1908. Of the Manchu Yehe Nara clan, she was elected as a concubine of the Xianfeng Emperor in her adolescence and gave birth to a son, Zaichun, in 1856. After the Xianfeng Emperor's death in 1861, the young boy became the Tongzhi Emperor, and she became the Empress Dowager. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Empress Dowager Cixi has received more than 2,621,630 page views. Her biography is available in 85 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 81 in 2019). Empress Dowager Cixi is the 212th most popular politician (up from 224th in 2019), the 16th most popular biography from China and the 8th most popular Chinese Politician.

Empress Dowager Cixi is most famous for her role in the Boxer Rebellion.

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    Effective Languages (L*)

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Among politicians, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 212 out of 15,710Before her are Rudolf Hess, Akbar, Charles X of France, Napoleon II, Emperor Meiji, and William the Silent. After her are James VI and I, Scipio Africanus, Thutmose III, Salvador Allende, Antoninus Pius, and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

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Among people born in 1835, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 3Before her are Mark Twain and Pope Pius X. After her are Camille Saint-Saëns, Leopold II of Belgium, Cesare Lombroso, Andrew Carnegie, Adolf von Baeyer, César Cui, Giovanni Schiaparelli, Henryk Wieniawski, and Samuel Butler. Among people deceased in 1908, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 2Before her is Henri Becquerel. After her are Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Guangxu Emperor, Grover Cleveland, Pablo de Sarasate, Randal Cremer, Edmondo De Amicis, Carlos I of Portugal, Demetrius Vikelas, Butch Cassidy, and Joseph Maria Olbrich.

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In China

Among people born in China, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 16 out of 1,186Before her are Sima Qian (-145), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Puyi (1906), and Cao Cao (155). After her are Ip Man (1893), Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), and Qianlong Emperor (1711).


Among politicians born in China, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 8Before her are Huang Xianfan (1899), Qin Shi Huang (-258), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), and Puyi (1906). After her are Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Qianlong Emperor (1711), and Liu Bei (161).