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Empress Dowager Cixi

1835 - 1908

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Empress Dowager Cixi [tsʰɹ̩̌.ɕì]; born Yehe Nara Xingzhen (29 November 1835 – 15 November 1908), was a Chinese noblewoman of the Manchu Yehe Nara clan, concubine and later regent who effectively controlled the Chinese government in the late Qing dynasty for almost 50 years, from 1861 until her death in 1908. Selected as a concubine of the Xianfeng Emperor in her adolescence, she gave birth to a son, Zaichun, in 1856. After the Xianfeng Emperor's death in 1861, the young boy became the Tongzhi Emperor, and she assumed the role of co-empress dowager, alongside the Emperor's widow, Empress Dowager Ci'an. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Empress Dowager Cixi has received more than 3,793,723 page views. Her biography is available in 87 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 85 in 2019). Empress Dowager Cixi is the 258th most popular politician (down from 212th in 2019), the 16th most popular biography from China and the 10th most popular Chinese Politician.

Empress Dowager Cixi is most famous for her role in the Boxer Rebellion.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.89

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 87

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.21

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 258 out of 15,577Before her are Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Charles XII of Sweden, Safiye Sultan, Bill Clinton, Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Antoninus Pius. After her are Louis XVII of France, Björn Ironside, Charles VII of France, Neville Chamberlain, Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, and Tolui.

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Among people born in 1835, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 3Before her are Mark Twain and Pope Pius X. After her are Camille Saint-Saëns, Leopold II of Belgium, Cesare Lombroso, Adolf von Baeyer, Andrew Carnegie, César Cui, Henryk Wieniawski, Giovanni Schiaparelli, and Samuel Butler. Among people deceased in 1908, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 2Before her is Henri Becquerel. After her are Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Guangxu Emperor, Randal Cremer, Grover Cleveland, Pablo de Sarasate, Edmondo De Amicis, Carlos I of Portugal, Demetrius Vikelas, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, and Pat Garrett.

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In China

Among people born in China, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 16 out of 1,392Before her are Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Sima Qian (-145), Xi Jinping (1953), Puyi (1906), and Hu Jintao (1942). After her are Chiang Kai-shek (1887), Du Fu (712), Cao Cao (155), Wu Zetian (624), Qianlong Emperor (1711), and Ip Man (1893).


Among politicians born in China, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 10Before her are Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Xi Jinping (1953), Puyi (1906), and Hu Jintao (1942). After her are Wu Zetian (624), Qianlong Emperor (1711), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Liu Bei (161), Yongle Emperor (1360), and Emperor Gaozu of Han (-256).