POLITICIAN

Empress Dowager Cixi

1835 - 1908

Photo of Empress Dowager Cixi

Icon of person Empress Dowager Cixi

Empress Dowager Cixi (Manchu: ᡥᡳᠶᠣᠣᡧᡠᠩᡤᠠᡤᡳᠩᡤᡠᠵᡳᡳᠯᡝᡨᡠᡥᡡᠸᠠᠩᡥᡝᠣ; Möllendorff: hiyoošungga gingguji iletu hūwangheo, Chinese: 慈禧太后; pinyin: Cíxī Tàihòu [tsʰɨ̌.ɕì tʰâi.xôu]; 29 November 1835 – 15 November 1908), of the Manchu Yehe Nara clan, was a Chinese empress dowager and regent who was the de facto supreme ruler of China in the late Qing dynasty for 47 years, from 1861 until her death in 1908. Selected as a concubine of the Xianfeng Emperor in her adolescence, she gave birth to a son, Zaichun, in 1856. After the Xianfeng Emperor's death in 1861, the young boy became the Tongzhi Emperor, and she became the Empress Dowager. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Empress Dowager Cixi has received more than 2,411,294 page views. Her biography is available in 85 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 81 in 2019). Empress Dowager Cixi is the 212th most popular politician (up from 224th in 2019), the 16th most popular biography from China and the 8th most popular Chinese Politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 2.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 82.70

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 85

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.37

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.69

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Empress Dowager Cixis by language


Among POLITICIANS

Among politicians, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 212 out of 15,710. Before her are Rudolf Hess, Akbar, Charles X of France, Napoleon II, Emperor Meiji, and William the Silent. After her are James VI and I, Scipio Africanus, Thutmose III, Salvador Allende, Antoninus Pius, and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1835, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 3Before her are Mark Twain and Pope Pius X. After her are Camille Saint-Saëns, Leopold II of Belgium, Cesare Lombroso, Andrew Carnegie, Adolf von Baeyer, César Cui, Giovanni Schiaparelli, Henryk Wieniawski, and Samuel Butler. Among people deceased in 1908, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 2Before her is Henri Becquerel. After her are Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Guangxu Emperor, Grover Cleveland, Pablo de Sarasate, Randal Cremer, Edmondo De Amicis, Carlos I of Portugal, Demetrius Vikelas, Butch Cassidy, and Joseph Maria Olbrich.

Others Born in 1835

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Others Deceased in 1908

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In China

Among people born in China, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 16 out of 1,186. Before her are Sima Qian (-145), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Puyi (1906), and Cao Cao (155). After her are Ip Man (1893), Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), and Qianlong Emperor (1711).

Among POLITICIANS In China

Among politicians born in China, Empress Dowager Cixi ranks 8Before her are Huang Xianfan (1899), Qin Shi Huang (-258), Deng Xiaoping (1904), Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), and Puyi (1906). After her are Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), Kangxi Emperor (1654), Qianlong Emperor (1711), and Liu Bei (161).