Emperor Meiji

1852 - 1912

Photo of Emperor Meiji

Icon of person Emperor Meiji

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇, Meiji-tennō, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), also called Meiji the Great (明治大帝, Meiji-taitei) or Meiji the Good, (明治聖帝, Meiji-seitei) was the 122nd emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. Reigning from 3 February 1867 until his death on 30 July 1912, and the first monarch of the Empire of Japan, he presided over the Meiji era, and instigated the Meiji Restoration, a series of rapid changes that witnessed Japan's transformation from an isolationist, feudal state to an industrialized world power. At the time of Emperor Meiji's birth in 1852, Japan was a feudal, pre-industrial country dominated by the isolationist Tokugawa shogunate and the daimyō subject to it, who ruled over the country's 270 decentralized domains. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Emperor Meiji has received more than 3,704,160 page views. His biography is available in 75 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 72 in 2019). Emperor Meiji is the 210th most popular politician (up from 354th in 2019), the 7th most popular biography from Japan (up from 13th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Japanese Politician.

Emperor Meiji is most famous for the modernization of Japan.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.7M

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  • 82.77

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 75

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.51

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.89

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Emperor Meiji ranks 210 out of 15,710Before him are Henry VII of England, Catherine I of Russia, Rudolf Hess, Akbar, Charles X of France, and Napoleon II. After him are William the Silent, Empress Dowager Cixi, James VI and I, Scipio Africanus, Thutmose III, and Salvador Allende.

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Among people born in 1852, Emperor Meiji ranks 3Before him are Antoni Gaudí and Henri Becquerel. After him are Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Emil Fischer, William Ramsay, Gojong of Korea, Albert A. Michelson, Henri Moissan, Francisco Tárrega, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, and Joseph Joffre. Among people deceased in 1912, Emperor Meiji ranks 1After him are Henri Poincaré, August Strindberg, Bram Stoker, Edward Smith, Jules Massenet, Karl May, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Thomas Andrews, Frédéric Passy, Joseph Lister, and Gerhard Armauer Hansen.

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In Japan

Among people born in Japan, Emperor Meiji ranks 7 out of 5,560Before him are Hirohito (1901), Hokusai (1760), Hayao Miyazaki (1941), Akira Kurosawa (1910), Matsuo Bashō (1644), and Akihito (1933). After him are Miyamoto Musashi (1584), Oda Nobunaga (1534), Yoko Ono (1933), Haruki Murakami (1949), Isoroku Yamamoto (1884), and Tokugawa Ieyasu (1542).


Among politicians born in Japan, Emperor Meiji ranks 2Before him are Hirohito (1901). After him are Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536), Emperor Jimmu (-711), Hideki Tojo (1884), Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi (1894), Lee Myung-bak (1941), Himiko (175), Takeda Shingen (1521), Emperor Kōmei (1831), Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147), and Itō Hirobumi (1841).