Ellen Swallow Richards

1842 - 1911

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Ellen Henrietta Swallow Richards (December 3, 1842 – March 30, 1911) was an industrial and safety engineer, environmental chemist, and university faculty member in the United States during the 19th century. Her pioneering work in sanitary engineering, and experimental research in domestic science, laid a foundation for the new science of home economics. She was the founder of the home economics movement characterized by the application of science to the home, and the first to apply chemistry to the study of nutrition.Richards graduated from Westford Academy (second oldest secondary school in Massachusetts) in 1862. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ellen Swallow Richards has received more than 224,333 page views. Her biography is available in 23 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 19 in 2019). Ellen Swallow Richards is the 214th most popular economist (up from 246th in 2019), the 4,035th most popular biography from United States and the 71st most popular American Economist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 220k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 62.28

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 23

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.40

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among economists, Ellen Swallow Richards ranks 214 out of 315Before her are Roy Harrod, Giovanni Arrighi, Esther Duflo, George Shultz, János Kornai, and Johann Karl Rodbertus. After her are Greg Mankiw, Michel Camdessus, Harold Innis, Leo Huberman, Paul Sweezy, and Arthur Melvin Okun.

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Among people born in 1842, Ellen Swallow Richards ranks 54Before her are Rikard Nordraak, Alexandre Ribot, Carl Millöcker, Ernest, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Eloy Alfaro, and Maurice Rouvier. After her are Joseph Valentin Boussinesq, Antero de Quental, Jean-Jules-Antoine Lecomte du Nouÿ, Erik Gustaf Boström, Alessandro Fortis, and Pyotr Durnovo. Among people deceased in 1911, Ellen Swallow Richards ranks 45Before her are John Hughlings Jackson, Georg, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe, Alexandros Papadiamantis, Konrad Duden, Ivan Grohar, and Kōtoku Shūsui. After her are Edwin Austin Abbey, Florentino Ameghino, Howard Pyle, Williamina Fleming, Vasily Klyuchevsky, and Gustaf Fröding.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Ellen Swallow Richards ranks 4,035 out of 15,968Before her are Susan Strasberg (1938), Robert Smith (1757), Carl Keenan Seyfert (1911), Kenneth Arnold (1915), Anthony Edwards (1962), and Susan George (1934). After her are Richard F. Outcault (1863), John Baldessari (1931), Peggy March (1948), John Mayer (1977), James Rollins (1961), and John Ashbery (1927).

Among ECONOMISTS In United States

Among economists born in United States, Ellen Swallow Richards ranks 71Before her are Peter Senge (1947), Roger Myerson (1951), Alvin Hansen (1887), Lars Peter Hansen (1952), Eric Maskin (1950), and George Shultz (1920). After her are Greg Mankiw (1958), Leo Huberman (1903), Paul Sweezy (1910), Arthur Melvin Okun (1928), Thomas Sowell (1930), and Michael Kremer (1964).