Edward Snowden

1983 - Today

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Edward Joseph Snowden (; born June 21, 1983) is an American former computer intelligence consultant who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013, when he was an employee and subcontractor. His illegal disclosures revealed numerous global surveillance programs, many run by the NSA and the Five Eyes Intelligence Alliance with the cooperation of telecommunication companies and European governments, and prompted a cultural discussion about national security and individual privacy. In 2013, Snowden was hired by an NSA contractor, Booz Allen Hamilton, after previous employment with Dell and the CIA. Snowden says he gradually became disillusioned with the programs with which he was involved, and that he tried to raise his ethical concerns through internal channels but was ignored. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Edward Snowden has received more than 35,367,287 page views. His biography is available in 88 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 86 in 2019). Edward Snowden is the 143rd most popular social activist (down from 134th in 2019), the 1,475th most popular biography from United States (down from 1,400th in 2019) and the 16th most popular Social Activist.

Edward Snowden is most famous for leaking classified information about the NSA's mass surveillance programs to the press.

Memorability Metrics

  • 35M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 59.54

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 88

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.21

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.64

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Edward Snowdens by language


Among social activists, Edward Snowden ranks 143 out of 538Before him are Léon Jouhaux, Steve Biko, Bertha Pappenheim, Huda Sha'arawi, Judas of Galilee, and Jacques Roux. After him are Margaret Sanger, Andreas Hofer, Kittur Chennamma, Leopold Trepper, Max Mosley, and Emilie Schindler.

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Among people born in 1983, Edward Snowden ranks 7Before him are Kim Jong-un, Chris Hemsworth, Dani Alves, Amy Winehouse, Franck Ribéry, and Andrew Garfield. After him are Katrina Kaif, Emily Blunt, Henry Cavill, Pepe, Robin van Persie, and Ricardo Quaresma.

Others Born in 1983

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Edward Snowden ranks 1,475 out of 18,182Before him are Henry Ford II (1917), Jake LaMotta (1922), Dave Bautista (1969), Stanley Tucci (1960), William Morris Davis (1850), and Josh Brolin (1968). After him are Alan Ladd (1913), Richard Schiff (1955), Roy O. Disney (1893), Willard Van Orman Quine (1908), Joseph Losey (1909), and Nelson Goodman (1906).

Among SOCIAL ACTIVISTS In United States

Among social activists born in United States, Edward Snowden ranks 16Before him are Bugsy Siegel (1906), Susan B. Anthony (1820), Jody Williams (1950), John Brown (1800), Frederick Douglass (1818), and Betty Ford (1918). After him are Margaret Sanger (1879), Fred Phelps (1929), W. E. B. Du Bois (1868), Gloria Steinem (1934), Sojourner Truth (1797), and Mickey Cohen (1913).

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