Edward Snowden

1983 - Today

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Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American former computer intelligence consultant who leaked highly classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 when he was an employee and subcontractor for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). His disclosures revealed numerous global surveillance programs, many run by the NSA and the Five Eyes Intelligence Alliance with the cooperation of telecommunication companies and European governments, and prompted a cultural discussion about national security and individual privacy. In 2013, Snowden was hired by an NSA contractor, Booz Allen Hamilton, after previous employment with Dell and the CIA. Snowden says he gradually became disillusioned with the programs with which he was involved, and that he tried to raise his ethical concerns through internal channels but was ignored. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Edward Snowden has received more than 33,521,129 page views. His biography is available in 86 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 83 in 2019). Edward Snowden is the 134th most popular social activist (down from 115th in 2019), the 1,401st most popular biography from United States (down from 1,232nd in 2019) and the 16th most popular American Social Activist.

Edward Snowden is most famous for leaking classified information about the NSA's mass surveillance programs to the press.

Memorability Metrics

  • 34M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.94

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 86

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.32

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.56

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Edward Snowdens by language


Among social activists, Edward Snowden ranks 134 out of 544Before him are Betty Williams, Frederick Douglass, Manuela Sáenz, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Betty Ford, and Hilda Gadea. After him are Steve Biko, Andreas Hofer, Gaius Julius Civilis, Gerda Christian, Fred Phelps, and Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.

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Among people born in 1983, Edward Snowden ranks 4Before him are Kim Jong-un, Chris Hemsworth, and Katie McGrath. After him are Amy Winehouse, Franck Ribéry, Dani Alves, Andrew Garfield, Katrina Kaif, Donald Glover, Robin van Persie, and Henry Cavill.

Others Born in 1983

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Edward Snowden ranks 1,401 out of 15,968Before him are Vera Wang (1949), Ben Gazzara (1930), Elias James Corey (1928), Bernard Baruch (1870), Jaco Pastorius (1951), and Robert Patrick (1958). After him are Ansel Adams (1902), Lenny Kravitz (1964), David O. Selznick (1902), Dan Simmons (1948), Stephen Jay Gould (1941), and Mike Portnoy (1967).

Among SOCIAL ACTIVISTS In United States

Among social activists born in United States, Edward Snowden ranks 16Before him are Angela Davis (1944), Bugsy Siegel (1906), John Brown (1800), Marsha P. Johnson (1945), Frederick Douglass (1818), and Betty Ford (1918). After him are Fred Phelps (1929), Mickey Cohen (1913), Jody Williams (1950), Billy Milligan (1955), W. E. B. Du Bois (1868), and Sojourner Truth (1797).

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