Deng Xiaoping

1904 - 1997

Photo of Deng Xiaoping

Icon of person Deng Xiaoping

Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 February 1997), also known by his courtesy name Xixian (希贤), was a Chinese revolutionary and statesman who served as the paramount leader of the People's Republic of China (PRC) from December 1978 to November 1989. After Mao Zedong's death in 1976, Deng gradually rose to supreme power and led China through a series of far-reaching market-economy reforms earning him the reputation as the "Architect of Modern China". This led to China becoming the world’s largest economy in terms of its purchasing power in 2014.Born in the province of Sichuan in the Qing dynasty, Deng studied and worked in France in the 1920s, where he became a follower of Marxism–Leninism and joined the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in 1924. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Deng Xiaoping has received more than 5,554,774 page views. His biography is available in 95 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 94 in 2019). Deng Xiaoping is the 136th most popular politician (down from 132nd in 2019), the 11th most popular biography from China (down from 10th in 2019) and the 4th most popular Chinese Politician.

Deng Xiaoping is most famous for implementing the "open door" policy, which allowed China to trade with the rest of the world.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.6M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 84.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 95

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.53

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.17

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Deng Xiaopings by language


Among politicians, Deng Xiaoping ranks 136 out of 15,710Before him are Hermann Göring, Amenhotep III, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Mehmed III, Skanderbeg, and Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor. After him are Sun Yat-sen, Simón Bolívar, Richard Nixon, Bayezid I, Kublai Khan, and Darius III.

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Among people born in 1904, Deng Xiaoping ranks 2Before him is Salvador Dalí. After him are Pablo Neruda, Reinhard Heydrich, Dr. Seuss, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, B. F. Skinner, Umberto II of Italy, Cary Grant, Johnny Weissmuller, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Jean Gabin. Among people deceased in 1997, Deng Xiaoping ranks 2Before him is Mother Teresa. After him are James Stewart, Jacques Cousteau, Diana, Princess of Wales, Viktor Frankl, Jeanne Calment, Toshiro Mifune, Gianni Versace, Victor Vasarely, Mobutu Sese Seko, and Roy Lichtenstein.

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In China

Among people born in China, Deng Xiaoping ranks 11 out of 1,186Before him are Laozi (-604), Sun Tzu (-543), 14th Dalai Lama (1935), Zheng He (1387), Chiang Kai-shek (1887), and Sima Qian (-145). After him are Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Puyi (1906), Cao Cao (155), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), and Ip Man (1893).


Among politicians born in China, Deng Xiaoping ranks 4Before him are Mao Zedong (1893), Huang Xianfan (1899), and Qin Shi Huang (-258). After him are Sun Yat-sen (1866), Kublai Khan (1215), Puyi (1906), Empress Dowager Cixi (1835), Wu Zetian (624), Xi Jinping (1953), Hu Jintao (1942), and Kangxi Emperor (1654).