Darius III

380 BC - 330 BC

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Darius III (Old Persian: 𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎺𐎢𐏁 Dārayavaʰuš; Greek: Δαρεῖος Dareios; c. 380 – 330 BC) was the last Achaemenid King of Kings of Persia, reigning from 336 BC to his death in 330 BC. Contrary to his predecessor Artaxerxes IV Arses, Darius was a distant member of the Achaemenid dynasty. During his early career, he was reportedly an obscure figure among his peers and first rose to prominence during the Cadusian expedition of Artaxerxes III in the 350s BC. As a reward for his bravery, he was given the Satrapy of Armenia. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Darius III has received more than 1,485,061 page views. His biography is available in 72 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 70 in 2019). Darius III is the 160th most popular politician (down from 142nd in 2019), the 6th most popular biography from Iran (down from 5th in 2019) and the 3rd most popular Politician.

Darius III was the last king of the Achaemenid Empire. He is famous for his defeat at the hands of Alexander the Great in the Battle of Gaugamela.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 72

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  • 12.82

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.07

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Darius III ranks 160 out of 15,577Before him are Paul von Hindenburg, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Alfred the Great, Louis IX of France, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, and Ivar the Boneless. After him are Mehmed I, William I, German Emperor, Skanderbeg, Rodrigo Duterte, Alexander I of Russia, and Pol Pot.

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Among people born in 380 BC, Darius III ranks 1After him are Pytheas, Memnon of Rhodes, Anaxarchus, Oxyartes, Anaximenes of Lampsacus, Demades, and Mentor of Rhodes. Among people deceased in 330 BC, Darius III ranks 1After him are Praxiteles, Philotas, Ephorus, Peucestas, Archestratus, and Ariobarzanes of Persis.

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In Iran

Among people born in Iran, Darius III ranks 6 out of 528Before him are Zoroaster (-2000), Omar Khayyam (1048), Al-Ghazali (1058), Cyrus the Great (-600), and Xerxes I (-519). After him are Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), Ruhollah Khomeini (1902), Harun al-Rashid (766), Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi (865), Ismail I (1487), and Jabir ibn Hayyan (721).

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Among politicians born in Iran, Darius III ranks 3Before him are Cyrus the Great (-600) and Xerxes I (-519). After him are Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919), Harun al-Rashid (766), Cambyses II (-550), Malik-Shah I (1055), Ali Khamenei (1939), Nader Shah (1688), Tahmasp I (1514), Nizam al-Mulk (1018), and Khosrow I (501).