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106 BC - 43 BC

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Marcus Tullius Cicero ( SISS-ə-roh; Latin: [ˈmaːr.kʊs ˈtʊl.lʲi.jʊs ˈkɪ.kɛ.roː]; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, philosopher, and academic skeptic, who tried to uphold optimate principles during the political crises that led to the establishment of the Roman Empire. His extensive writings include treatises on rhetoric, philosophy and politics, and he is considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and served as consul in 63 BC. His influence on the Latin language was immense. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cicero has received more than 7,849,190 page views. His biography is available in 120 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 113 in 2019). Cicero is the 25th most popular politician, the 16th most popular biography from Italy and the 4th most popular Italian Politician.

Cicero is most famous for his orations in Rome, where he was a lawyer and politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 7.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 86.32

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 120

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.49

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.00

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Ciceros by language


Among politicians, Cicero ranks 25 out of 15,577Before him are Constantine the Great, Benito Mussolini, Tutankhamun, Hannibal, Otto von Bismarck, and Hammurabi. After him are Mikhail Gorbachev, Attila, Hurrem Sultan, Mao Zedong, Queen Victoria, and Commodus.

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Among people born in 106 BC, Cicero ranks 1After him are Pompey and Decimus Laberius. Among people deceased in 43 BC, Cicero ranks 1After him are Atia, Antipater the Idumaean, Publius Cornelius Dolabella, Quintus Tullius Cicero, Verres, Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus, Gaius Cassius Longinus Varus, Aulus Hirtius, Servius Sulpicius Rufus, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, and Quintus Pedius.

Others Born in 106 BC

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Others Deceased in 43 BC

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Cicero ranks 16 out of 4,668Before him are Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), Thomas Aquinas (1225), Benito Mussolini (1883), and Giuseppe Verdi (1813). After him are Virgil (-70), Commodus (161), Giordano Bruno (1548), Francis of Assisi (1182), Amerigo Vespucci (1454), and Caravaggio (1571).


Among politicians born in Italy, Cicero ranks 4Before him are Julius Caesar (-100), Augustus (-63), and Benito Mussolini (1883). After him are Commodus (161), Nero (37), Marcus Aurelius (121), Caligula (12), Pontius Pilate (-12), Tiberius (-42), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), and Mark Antony (-83).