106 BC - 43 BC


Marcus Tullius Cicero ( SISS-ə-roh; Latin: [ˈmaːrkʊs ˈtʊlːijʊs ˈkɪkɛroː]; 3 January 106 – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar and Academic Skeptic who played an important role in the politics of the late Roman Republic and in vain tried to uphold republican principles during the crises that led to the establishment of the Roman Empire. His extensive writings include treatises on rhetoric, philosophy and politics, and he is considered one of Rome's greatest orators and prose stylists. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and served as consul in 63 BC. His influence on the Latin language was immense: he wrote more than three-quarters of surviving Latin literature from the period of his adult life, and it has been said that subsequent prose was either a reaction against or a return to his style, not only in Latin but in European languages up to the 19th century. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cicero has received more than 5,439,511 page views. His biography is available in 109 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 25th most popular politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 5.4M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 85.87

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 109

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.18

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Ciceros by language


Among politicians, Cicero ranks 25 out of 14,801Before him are Benito Mussolini, Suleiman the Magnificent, Constantine the Great, Otto von Bismarck, Mao Zedong, and Attila. After him are Winston Churchill, Abraham Lincoln, Nero, Mikhail Gorbachev, Queen Victoria, and Umar.

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Among people born in 106 BC, Cicero ranks 1After him are Pompey and Decimus Laberius. Among people deceased in 43 BC, Cicero ranks 1After him are Atia, Antipater the Idumaean, Quintus Tullius Cicero, Verres, Aulus Hirtius, Publius Cornelius Dolabella, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus, Gaius Cassius Longinus Varus, Servius Sulpicius Rufus, and Quintus Pedius.

Others Born in 106 BC

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Others Deceased in 43 BC

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Cicero ranks 14 out of 3,282Before him are Dante Alighieri (1265), Augustus (-63), Raphael (1483), Antonio Vivaldi (1678), Niccolò Machiavelli (1469), and Benito Mussolini (1883). After him are Thomas Aquinas (1225), Giuseppe Verdi (1813), Virgil (-70), Nero (37), Giordano Bruno (1548), and Francis of Assisi (1182).


Among politicians born in Italy, Cicero ranks 4Before him are Julius Caesar (-100), Augustus (-63), and Benito Mussolini (1883). After him are Nero (37), Commodus (161), Caligula (12), Marcus Aurelius (121), Pontius Pilate (-12), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Tiberius (-42), and Vespasian (9).

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