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Cesare Beccaria

1738 - 1794

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Cesare Bonesana di Beccaria, Marquis of Gualdrasco and Villareggio (Italian: [ˈtʃeːzare bekkaˈriːa, ˈtʃɛː-]; 15 March 1738 – 28 November 1794) was an Italian criminologist, jurist, philosopher, economist and politician, who is widely considered one of the greatest thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment. He is well remembered for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764), which condemned torture and the death penalty, and was a founding work in the field of penology and the Classical School of criminology. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cesare Beccaria has received more than 932,486 page views. His biography is available in 43 different languages on Wikipedia. Cesare Beccaria is the 165th most popular philosopher (down from 164th in 2019), the 386th most popular biography from Italy (down from 382nd in 2019) and the 16th most popular Italian Philosopher.

Cesare Beccaria is most famous for his essay "On Crimes and Punishments" in which he argues that the severity of punishments should be proportionate to the severity of the crime.

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 43

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.27

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.72

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Cesare Beccaria ranks 165 out of 1,081Before him are Adam Weishaupt, Ferdinand Tönnies, Max Stirner, Mikhail Bakhtin, Padmasambhava, and Alcuin. After him are Carl Schmitt, Friedrich Schleiermacher, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Marshall McLuhan, Paul Ricœur, and Chrysippus.

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Among people born in 1738, Cesare Beccaria ranks 4Before him are William Herschel, George III of the United Kingdom, and Joseph-Ignace Guillotin. After him are Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria, Túpac Amaru II, Albert Casimir, Duke of Teschen, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis, Ethan Allen, Thomas Abbt, Johann Hermann, and Aleijadinho. Among people deceased in 1794, Cesare Beccaria ranks 5Before him are Antoine Lavoisier, Maximilien Robespierre, Georges Danton, and Louis Antoine de Saint-Just. After him are Marquis de Condorcet, Camille Desmoulins, Edward Gibbon, Jacques Hébert, Élisabeth of France, Alexandre de Beauharnais, and Georges Couthon.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Cesare Beccaria ranks 386 out of 4,668Before him are Annibale Carracci (1560), Pope Pelagius II (520), Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (-89), Pope Anacletus (1), Vittorio De Sica (1901), and Charles I of Hungary (1288). After him are Pope John I (470), Pope Zachary (679), Pope Stephen IV (770), Pietro Mascagni (1863), Pope Adrian V (1205), and Pope Callixtus I (180).


Among philosophers born in Italy, Cesare Beccaria ranks 16Before him are Giovanni Pico della Mirandola (1463), Boethius (480), Tommaso Campanella (1568), Marsilio Ficino (1433), Giambattista Vico (1668), and Bonaventure (1221). After him are Hippasus (-600), Marsilius of Padua (1275), Benedetto Croce (1866), Giorgio Agamben (1942), Theano (-600), and Alcmaeon of Croton (-510).