Catherine de' Medici

1519 - 1589

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Catherine de' Medici (Italian: Caterina de' Medici, pronounced [kateˈriːna de ˈmɛːditʃi]; French: Catherine de Médicis, pronounced [katʁin də medisis]; 13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589) was an Italian noblewoman. She also was queen consort of France from 1547 until 1559, by marriage to King Henry II, and mother of kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III. The years during which her sons reigned have been called "the age of Catherine de' Medici" as she had extensive, if at times varying, influence in the political life of France.Catherine was born in Florence to Lorenzo de' Medici, Duke of Urbino, and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne. In 1533 at the age of fourteen, Catherine married Henry, second son of King Francis I and Queen Claude of France. Catherine's marriage was arranged by her uncle Pope Clement VII. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Catherine de' Medici has received more than 7,760,383 page views. Her biography is available in 74 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 70 in 2019). Catherine de' Medici is the 4th most popular companion (down from 3rd in 2019), the 42nd most popular biography from Italy (down from 38th in 2019) and the most popular Italian Companion.

Catherine de' Medici was a powerful Italian noblewoman who became queen consort of France in 1547 by marrying King Henry II. She was the mother of three kings of France, including Francis II, Charles IX, and Henry III. Catherine was also the last direct descendent of Lorenzo de' Medici, the ruler of Florence.

Memorability Metrics

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  • 85.43

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 74

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.95

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.56

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among companions, Catherine de' Medici ranks 4 out of 687Before her are Nefertiti, Anne Boleyn, and Empress Elisabeth of Austria. After her are Aisha, Helena, Catherine of Aragon, Fatimah, Empress Joséphine, Eva Braun, Khadija bint Khuwaylid, and Marie Louise, Duchess of Parma.

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Among people born in 1519, Catherine de' Medici ranks 1After her are Henry II of France, Pope Innocent IX, Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Francis, Duke of Guise, Gaspard II de Coligny, Isabella Jagiellon, Occhiali, Theodore Beza, Imagawa Yoshimoto, Antonis Mor, and Andrea Cesalpino. Among people deceased in 1589, Catherine de' Medici ranks 1After her are Henry III of France, Christophe Plantin, Jacques Clément, Alessandro Farnese, Benedict the Moor, Johannes Sturm, Anna Maria of the Palatinate, Bernard Palissy, Jean-Antoine de Baïf, Michael Baius, and Heo Nanseolheon.

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Catherine de' Medici ranks 42 out of 4,088Before her are Ennio Morricone (1928), Tiberius (-42), Titian (1488), Giacomo Casanova (1725), Florence Nightingale (1820), and Pope John Paul I (1912). After her are Pope Pius XII (1876), Giacomo Puccini (1858), Mark Antony (-83), Gian Lorenzo Bernini (1598), Gioachino Rossini (1792), and Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115).


Among companions born in Italy, Catherine de' Medici ranks 1After her are Messalina (17), Zita of Bourbon-Parma (1892), Livia (-58), Poppaea Sabina (30), Elisabeth Farnese (1692), Josephine of Leuchtenberg (1807), Maria Luisa of Parma (1751), Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily (1772), Bianca Maria Sforza (1472), Julia the Elder (-39), and Amalasuntha (495).