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Carolyn S. Shoemaker

1929 - 2021

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Carolyn Jean Spellmann Shoemaker (June 24, 1929 – August 13, 2021) was an American astronomer and a co-discoverer of Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9. She discovered 32 comets (then a record for the most by an individual) and more than 500 asteroids.Having earned degrees in history, political science, and English literature, she had little interest in science until she met and married geologist Eugene Merle Shoemaker. Her career in astronomy began when she demonstrated good stereoscopic vision, a particularly valuable quality for looking for objects in near-Earth space. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Carolyn S. Shoemaker has received more than 209,679 page views. Her biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 40 in 2019). Carolyn S. Shoemaker is the 108th most popular astronomer (up from 260th in 2019), the 1,712th most popular biography from United States (up from 3,896th in 2019) and the 21st most popular American Astronomer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 210k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.55

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.56

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.83

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Carolyn S. Shoemakers by language


Among astronomers, Carolyn S. Shoemaker ranks 108 out of 531Before her are Reinhard Genzel, Frank Drake, Edward Charles Pickering, George Biddell Airy, Ernst Öpik, and Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin. After her are Heinrich Schwabe, Arthur Auwers, Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf, E. M. Antoniadi, Édouard Stephan, and Henry Norris Russell.

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Among people born in 1929, Carolyn S. Shoemaker ranks 104Before her are Nicolai Ghiaurov, Bob Denard, John Polanyi, June Carter Cash, Kjell Askildsen, and Věra Chytilová. After her are Eva Schloss, Chespirito, Isabel Sarli, David Kelly, Lorenzo Buffon, and Robert Faurisson. Among people deceased in 2021, Carolyn S. Shoemaker ranks 107Before her are Walter Mondale, Nino Vaccarella, Tamara Press, Kjell Askildsen, David Yonggi Cho, and Igor Oistrakh. After her are Christa Ludwig, Kurt Westergaard, Toshihide Maskawa, Nino Castelnuovo, Stephen Sondheim, and Djivan Gasparyan.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Carolyn S. Shoemaker ranks 1,712 out of 18,182Before her are Wilbur Scoville (1865), Jessye Norman (1945), Richard Jenkins (1947), Adrien Brody (1973), Jerry Stiller (1927), and Michael Spence (1943). After her are Floyd Patterson (1935), Jim Rogers (1942), Edwin S. Porter (1870), Barbara W. Tuchman (1912), Edward Albee (1928), and A. L. Kroeber (1876).

Among ASTRONOMERS In United States

Among astronomers born in United States, Carolyn S. Shoemaker ranks 21Before her are Eugene Merle Shoemaker (1928), Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. (1941), J. Allen Hynek (1910), James Van Allen (1914), Frank Drake (1930), and Edward Charles Pickering (1846). After her are Henry Norris Russell (1877), Harlow Shapley (1885), Maria Mitchell (1818), Annie Jump Cannon (1863), George Phillips Bond (1825), and Vesto Slipher (1875).