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Carl Wilhelm Scheele

1742 - 1786

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Carl Wilhelm Scheele (German: [ˈʃeːlə], Swedish: [ˈɧêːlɛ]; 9 December 1742 – 21 May 1786) was a Swedish German pharmaceutical chemist. Scheele discovered oxygen (although Joseph Priestley published his findings first), and identified molybdenum, tungsten, barium, hydrogen, and chlorine, among others. Scheele discovered organic acids tartaric, oxalic, uric, lactic, and citric, as well as hydrofluoric, hydrocyanic, and arsenic acids. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Carl Wilhelm Scheele has received more than 502,291 page views. His biography is available in 68 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 66 in 2019). Carl Wilhelm Scheele is the 15th most popular chemist (down from 13th in 2019), the 136th most popular biography from Germany (down from 132nd in 2019) and the most popular German Chemist.

Carl Wilhelm Scheele is most famous for discovering oxygen.

Memorability Metrics

  • 500k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 73.37

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 68

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 13.41

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.92

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Carl Wilhelm Scheeles by language


Among chemists, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 15 out of 509Before him are Svante Arrhenius, Jabir ibn Hayyan, Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Fritz Haber, Linus Pauling, and Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff. After him are Wilhelm Ostwald, Friedrich Wöhler, Otto Hahn, Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, Humphry Davy, and Emil Fischer.

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Among people born in 1742, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 2Before him is Pope Pius VII. After him are Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Yemelyan Pugachev, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Nicolas Leblanc, Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Sérurier, Dositej Obradović, François Laurent d'Arlandes, and Jakob Friedrich Ehrhart. Among people deceased in 1786, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 2Before him is Frederick the Great. After him are Moses Mendelssohn, Maurice Benyovszky, Peter III of Portugal, Franz Benda, Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, Antonio Sacchini, Eva Ekeblad, Tokugawa Ieharu, John Goodricke, and Giovanni Battista Guadagnini.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 136 out of 6,142Before him are Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767), Novalis (1772), Bruce Willis (1955), Agrippina the Younger (15), Lucas Cranach the Elder (1472), and Leni Riefenstahl (1902). After him are Friedrich Fröbel (1782), Ambrose (340), Frederick William I of Prussia (1688), Anne of Cleves (1515), Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845), and Alfred Jodl (1890).

Among CHEMISTS In Germany

Among chemists born in Germany, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 1After him are Friedrich Wöhler (1800), Otto Hahn (1879), Emil Fischer (1852), Eduard Buchner (1860), Justus von Liebig (1803), Adolf von Baeyer (1835), August Kekulé (1829), Robert Bunsen (1811), Carl Bosch (1874), Julius Lothar Meyer (1830), and Adolf Butenandt (1903).