CHEMIST

Carl Wilhelm Scheele

1742 - 1786

Photo of Carl Wilhelm Scheele

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Carl Wilhelm Scheele (German: [ˈʃeːlə], Swedish: [ˈɧêːlɛ]; 9 December 1742 – 21 May 1786) was a Swedish German pharmaceutical chemist. Scheele discovered oxygen (although Joseph Priestley published his findings first), and identified molybdenum, tungsten, barium, hydrogen, and chlorine, among others. Scheele discovered organic acids tartaric, oxalic, uric, lactic, and citric, as well as hydrofluoric, hydrocyanic, and arsenic acids. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Carl Wilhelm Scheele has received more than 459,937 page views. His biography is available in 66 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 64 in 2019). Carl Wilhelm Scheele is the 13th most popular chemist (up from 14th in 2019), the 132nd most popular biography from Germany (down from 19th in 2019) and the most popular German Chemist.

Carl Wilhelm Scheele is most famous for discovering oxygen.

Memorability Metrics

  • 460k

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  • 79.87

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 66

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 12.90

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.87

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among CHEMISTS

Among chemists, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 13 out of 510Before him are Jabir ibn Hayyan, Jöns Jacob Berzelius, Amedeo Avogadro, Linus Pauling, Svante Arrhenius, and Fritz Haber. After him are Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Irène Joliot-Curie, Friedrich Wöhler, Wilhelm Ostwald, Otto Hahn, and Humphry Davy.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1742, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 2Before him is Pope Pius VII. After him are Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, Maria Christina, Duchess of Teschen, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar, Yemelyan Pugachev, Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, Nicolas Leblanc, Jean-Mathieu-Philibert Sérurier, Dositej Obradović, François Laurent d'Arlandes, and Ignaz von Born. Among people deceased in 1786, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 2Before him is Frederick the Great. After him are Moses Mendelssohn, Maurice Benyovszky, Peter III of Portugal, Franz Benda, Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, Eva Ekeblad, John Goodricke, Antonio Sacchini, Tokugawa Ieharu, and Thomas Wright.

Others Born in 1742

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Others Deceased in 1786

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 132 out of 5,289Before him are Frederick III, German Emperor (1831), Gerd von Rundstedt (1875), Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767), Thomas Müntzer (1489), Pope Joan (null), and Franz von Papen (1879). After him are Meister Eckhart (1260), George I of Great Britain (1660), Ludwig II of Bavaria (1845), Rudolf Höss (1901), Georg Simmel (1858), and Max Ernst (1891).

Among CHEMISTS In Germany

Among chemists born in Germany, Carl Wilhelm Scheele ranks 1After him are Friedrich Wöhler (1800), Otto Hahn (1879), Julius Lothar Meyer (1830), Emil Fischer (1852), Justus von Liebig (1803), Eduard Buchner (1860), Adolf von Baeyer (1835), August Kekulé (1829), Carl Bosch (1874), Hans Adolf Krebs (1900), and Robert Bunsen (1811).