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Cardinal Richelieu

1585 - 1642

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Armand Jean du Plessis, Duke of Richelieu (French: [aʁmɑ̃ ʒɑ̃ dy plɛsi]; 9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642), known as Cardinal Richelieu, was a French statesman and clergyman. He was also known as l'Éminence rouge, or "the Red Eminence", a term derived from the title "Eminence" applied to cardinals and the red robes that they customarily wear. Consecrated a bishop in 1607, Richelieu was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Cardinal Richelieu has received more than 3,110,051 page views. His biography is available in 77 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 75 in 2019). Cardinal Richelieu is the 151st most popular politician (down from 126th in 2019), the 65th most popular biography from France (down from 54th in 2019) and the 13th most popular French Politician.

Cardinal Richelieu was a French clergyman and politician who served as the chief minister of France from 1624 to 1642. He is best known for his role in the Thirty Years' War.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 78.85

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 77

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.85

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.03

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Cardinal Richelieu ranks 151 out of 15,577Before him are Vespasian, Joseph Goebbels, John Major, Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Oliver Cromwell, and Simón Bolívar. After him are Lech Wałęsa, Maximilien Robespierre, Paul von Hindenburg, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Alfred the Great, and Louis IX of France.

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Among people born in 1585, Cardinal Richelieu ranks 1After him are Heinrich Schütz, Cornelius Jansen, Hendrick Avercamp, Anna of Tyrol, John George I, Elector of Saxony, Uriel da Costa, Zacharias Janssen, Lucilio Vanini, Jacob Le Maire, Jacques Lemercier, and John Rolfe. Among people deceased in 1642, Cardinal Richelieu ranks 2Before him is Galileo Galilei. After him are Marie de' Medici, Guido Reni, Saskia van Uylenburgh, Safi of Persia, Dmitry Pozharsky, Henri Coiffier de Ruzé, Marquis of Cinq-Mars, Pieter van Laer, Friedrich Kettler, and Sophia Hedwig of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

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In France

Among people born in France, Cardinal Richelieu ranks 65 out of 6,011Before him are Georges Bizet (1838), Jacques-Louis David (1748), Arthur Rimbaud (1854), Charles Perrault (1628), Claude Debussy (1862), and Henri Becquerel (1852). After him are Louis Braille (1809), Hector Berlioz (1803), Maximilien Robespierre (1758), Gustave Eiffel (1832), Romain Rolland (1866), and Louis IX of France (1214).


Among politicians born in France, Cardinal Richelieu ranks 13Before him are Henry IV of France (1553), Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122), Philip IV of France (1268), Louis XIII of France (1601), Claudius (-10), and Francis I of France (1494). After him are Maximilien Robespierre (1758), Louis IX of France (1214), Henry III of France (1551), Louis the Pious (778), Caracalla (188), and Edward IV of England (1442).