12 - 41

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Caligula (; 31 August 12 – 24 January 41 AD), formally known as Gaius (Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus), was the third Roman emperor, ruling from 37 to 41. The son of the popular Roman general Germanicus and Augustus's granddaughter Agrippina the Elder, Caligula was born into the first ruling family of the Roman Empire, conventionally known as the Julio-Claudian dynasty. Germanicus's uncle and adoptive father, Tiberius, succeeded Augustus as emperor of Rome in AD 14. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Caligula has received more than 11,670,384 page views. His biography is available in 103 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 99 in 2019). Caligula is the 49th most popular politician (down from 44th in 2019), the 27th most popular biography from Italy (down from 23rd in 2019) and the 8th most popular Italian Politician.

Caligula was the emperor of Rome from 37 to 41 AD. He is most famous for his cruelty and insatiable desire for power.

Memorability Metrics

  • 12M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 87.76

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 103

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.84

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.63

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Caligulas by language


Among politicians, Caligula ranks 49 out of 15,710Before him are Martin Van Buren, Peter the Great, John F. Kennedy, Fidel Castro, Leon Trotsky, and Josip Broz Tito. After him are Hillary Clinton, Vladimir Putin, Trajan, Hammurabi, Henry Kissinger, and Akhenaten.

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Among people born in 12, Caligula ranks 1 Among people deceased in 41, Caligula ranks 1After him are Cassius Chaerea, Milonia Caesonia, Julia Drusilla, and Cunobeline.

Others Born in 12

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Others Deceased in 41

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In Italy

Among people born in Italy, Caligula ranks 27 out of 4,088Before him are Francis of Assisi (1182), Marcus Aurelius (121), Virgil (-70), Petrarch (1304), Amerigo Vespucci (1454), and Giovanni Boccaccio (1313). After him are Ovid (-43), Sandro Botticelli (1445), Pontius Pilate (-12), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Horace (-65), and Alessandro Volta (1745).


Among politicians born in Italy, Caligula ranks 8Before him are Augustus (-63), Benito Mussolini (1883), Cicero (-106), Commodus (161), Nero (37), and Marcus Aurelius (121). After him are Pontius Pilate (-12), Lorenzo de' Medici (1449), Tiberius (-42), Mark Antony (-83), Marcus Licinius Crassus (-115), and Vespasian (9).