B. F. Skinner

1904 - 1990

B. F. Skinner

Burrhus Frederic Skinner (March 20, 1904 – August 18, 1990) was an American psychologist, behaviorist, author, inventor, and social philosopher. He was a professor of psychology at Harvard University from 1958 until his retirement in 1974.Considering free will to be an illusion, Skinner saw human action as dependent on consequences of previous actions, a theory he would articulate as the principle of reinforcement: If the consequences to an action are bad, there is a high chance the action will not be repeated; if the consequences are good, the probability of the action being repeated becomes stronger.Skinner developed behavior analysis, especially the philosophy of radical behaviorism, and founded the experimental analysis of behavior, a school of experimental research psychology. He also used operant conditioning to strengthen behavior, considering the rate of response to be the most effective measure of response strength. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of B. F. Skinner has received more than 3,304,938 page views. His biography is available in 57 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 16th most popular psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 3.3M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 70.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 57

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.57

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.63

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of B. F. Skinners by language


Among psychologists, B. F. Skinner ranks 16 out of 169Before him are Wilhelm Wundt, William James, Erik Erikson, Carl Rogers, Viktor Frankl, and Gustave Le Bon. After him are Albert Bandura, Anna Freud, John B. Watson, Kurt Lewin, Wilhelm Reich, and Edward Thorndike.

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Among people born in 1904, B. F. Skinner ranks 7Before him are Salvador Dalí, Deng Xiaoping, Reinhard Heydrich, Pablo Neruda, Dr. Seuss, and Cary Grant. After him are Jean Gabin, Umberto II of Italy, J. Robert Oppenheimer, Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia, Johnny Weissmuller, and Graham Greene. Among people deceased in 1990, B. F. Skinner ranks 5Before him are Rajneesh, Lev Yashin, Greta Garbo, and Roald Dahl. After him are Louis Althusser, Leonard Bernstein, Ava Gardner, Pavel Cherenkov, Alberto Moravia, Norbert Elias, and Friedrich Dürrenmatt.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, B. F. Skinner ranks 193 out of 12,171Before him are George S. Patton (1885), Orson Welles (1915), George Lucas (1944), John Cage (1912), Doris Day (1922), and John Williams (1932). After him are Edwin McMillan (1907), Charles Sanders Peirce (1839), James Madison (1751), John Ford (1894), Judy Garland (1922), and Gary Cooper (1901).

Among PSYCHOLOGISTS In United States

Among psychologists born in United States, B. F. Skinner ranks 5Before him are Abraham Maslow (1908), John Dewey (1859), William James (1842), and Carl Rogers (1902). After him are John B. Watson (1878), Edward Thorndike (1874), Paul Ekman (1934), Milton H. Erickson (1901), Jerome Bruner (1915), Lawrence Kohlberg (1927), and Irvin D. Yalom (1931).

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