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Arthur Ashkin

1922 - 2020

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Arthur Ashkin (September 2, 1922 – September 21, 2020) was an American scientist and Nobel laureate who worked at Bell Laboratories and Lucent Technologies. Ashkin has been considered by many as the father of optical tweezers, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2018 at age 96, becoming the oldest Nobel laureate until 2019 when John B. Goodenough was awarded at 97. He resided in Rumson, New Jersey.Ashkin started his work on manipulation of microparticles with laser light in the late 1960s which resulted in the invention of optical tweezers in 1986. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Arthur Ashkin has received more than 383,965 page views. His biography is available in 60 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 53 in 2019). Arthur Ashkin is the 175th most popular physicist (up from 217th in 2019), the 790th most popular biography from United States (up from 983rd in 2019) and the 30th most popular American Physicist.

Arthur Ashkin is most famous for inventing the optical tweezers.

Memorability Metrics

  • 380k

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  • 63.72

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 60

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 10.87

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.54

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among physicists, Arthur Ashkin ranks 175 out of 717Before him are Robert H. Goddard, Igor Kurchatov, Martinus J. G. Veltman, Hannes Alfvén, Pyotr Kapitsa, and Edward Mills Purcell. After him are James Cronin, Charles H. Townes, Emilio Segrè, Edme Mariotte, Robert Hofstadter, and Klaus von Klitzing.

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Among people born in 1922, Arthur Ashkin ranks 37Before him are Telly Savalas, Philip Larkin, Renata Tebaldi, Stanley Cohen, Nándor Hidegkuti, and Jacques Piccard. After him are Miguel Muñoz, Yang Chen-Ning, Jason Robards, Liliane Bettencourt, Agostinho Neto, and Nikolay Basov. Among people deceased in 2020, Arthur Ashkin ranks 29Before him are Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, Betty Williams, Geert Hofstede, Robert Hossein, Stanley Cohen, and Diana Rigg. After him are Lee Teng-hui, Kenzō Takada, Qasem Soleimani, Oliver E. Williamson, Jiří Menzel, and Brian Dennehy.

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In United States

Among people born in United States, Arthur Ashkin ranks 790 out of 18,182Before him are Frederick Chapman Robbins (1916), Clyde Tombaugh (1906), Adam Sandler (1966), George Beadle (1903), John Dos Passos (1896), and Anne Sullivan (1866). After him are Laurence Fishburne (1961), George Foreman (1949), H. H. Holmes (1861), John Reed (1887), Charlie Sheen (1965), and James Cronin (1931).

Among PHYSICISTS In United States

Among physicists born in United States, Arthur Ashkin ranks 30Before him are Donald A. Glaser (1926), Benjamin Thompson (1753), James Rainwater (1917), Leon Cooper (1930), Robert H. Goddard (1882), and Edward Mills Purcell (1912). After him are James Cronin (1931), Charles H. Townes (1915), Robert Hofstadter (1915), Norman Foster Ramsey Jr. (1915), John Archibald Wheeler (1911), and John L. Hall (1934).