384 BC - 321 BC

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Aristotle (; Greek: Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs, pronounced [aristotélɛːs]; 384–322 BC) was a Greek philosopher and polymath during the Classical period in Ancient Greece. Taught by Plato, he was the founder of the Peripatetic school of philosophy within the Lyceum and the wider Aristotelian tradition. His writings cover many subjects including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theatre, music, rhetoric, psychology, linguistics, economics, politics, meteorology, geology, and government. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aristotle has received more than 16,639,878 page views. His biography is available in 203 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 195 in 2019). Aristotle is the most popular philosopher, the most popular biography from Greece (up from 2nd in 2019) and the most popular Philosopher.

Aristotle is most famous for his philosophy on the four causes. He believed that there were four causes for everything, and that they were material, formal, efficient, and final.

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  • 96.24

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 203

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 21.76

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.31

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among philosophers, Aristotle ranks 1 out of 1,081After him are Plato, Socrates, Confucius, Pythagoras, René Descartes, Gautama Buddha, Immanuel Kant, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Avicenna, John Locke, and Niccolò Machiavelli.

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Among people born in 384 BC, Aristotle ranks 1After him is Demosthenes. Among people deceased in 321 BC, Aristotle ranks 1After him are Perdiccas, Craterus, King Xian of Zhou, Neoptolemus, and Archon of Pella.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Aristotle ranks 1 out of 936After him are Plato (-427), Alexander the Great (-356), Socrates (-470), Homer (-800), Pythagoras (-570), Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881), Hippocrates (-460), Sophocles (-497), Democritus (-460), Epicurus (-341), and Pericles (-494).


Among philosophers born in Greece, Aristotle ranks 1After him are Plato (-427), Socrates (-470), Pythagoras (-570), Democritus (-460), Epicurus (-341), Protagoras (-486), Plutarch (46), Gorgias (-483), Leucippus (-500), Theophrastus (-371), and Pyrrho (-365).