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Aristides de Sousa Mendes

1885 - 1954

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Aristides de Sousa Mendes do Amaral e Abranches (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐɾiʃˈtiðɨʒ ðɨ ˈsozɐ ˈmẽdɨʃ]; July 19, 1885 – April 3, 1954) was a Portuguese consul during World War II. As the Portuguese consul-general in the French city of Bordeaux, he defied the orders of António de Oliveira Salazar's Estado Novo regime, issuing visas and passports to an undetermined number of refugees fleeing Nazi Germany, including Jews. For this, Sousa Mendes was punished by the Salazar regime with one year of inactivity with the right to one half of his rank's pay, being obliged subsequently to be retired. However, he ended up never being expelled from the foreign service nor forced to retire and he received a full consul salary until his death in 1954. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Aristides de Sousa Mendes has received more than 421,492 page views. His biography is available in 22 different languages on Wikipedia. Aristides de Sousa Mendes is the 5,194th most popular politician (down from 4,312th in 2019), the 117th most popular biography from Portugal (down from 99th in 2019) and the 65th most popular Portuguese Politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 420k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 58.34

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 22

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 4.09

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.67

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Aristides de Sousa Mendes ranks 5,194 out of 15,577Before him are Zhang Xianzhong, Frederick II, Elector Palatine, Emperor Guangzong of Song, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, Cloelia, and Ivo Josipović. After him are Anne Gonzaga, Elisiv of Kiev, František Palacký, Philip II Philoromaeus, Luis of Spain, Count of Chinchón, and Khutughtu Khan Kusala.

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Among people born in 1885, Aristides de Sousa Mendes ranks 57Before him are Otto Klemperer, Gunnar Asplund, André Lhote, Per Albin Hansson, Alois Hudal, and Sacha Guitry. After him are Seishirō Itagaki, Jules Pascin, Bess Truman, Theda Bara, Dorando Pietri, and Viktor Schauberger. Among people deceased in 1954, Aristides de Sousa Mendes ranks 35Before him are Thea von Harbou, Clemens Krauss, Franco Alfano, Gideon Sundback, Archduke Eugen of Austria, and Stig Dagerman. After him are Viktor Abakumov, Sadriddin Ayni, Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels, Ivan Ilyin, Princess Margaret of Prussia, and Oscar Straus.

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In Portugal

Among people born in Portugal, Aristides de Sousa Mendes ranks 117 out of 555Before him are Isabel of Coimbra (1432), Joseph Nasi (1524), Rui Costa (1972), Karl Nesselrode (1780), Pedro Nunes (1502), and Afonso, Prince of Portugal (1475). After him are Peter, Duke of Coimbra (1392), Maria of Portugal, Queen of Castile (1313), António Ramalho Eanes (1935), Maria of Portugal, Duchess of Viseu (1521), João Vaz Corte-Real (1420), and António de Abreu (1480).

Among POLITICIANS In Portugal

Among politicians born in Portugal, Aristides de Sousa Mendes ranks 65Before him are Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira (1793), Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu (1433), António Costa (1961), Francisco da Costa Gomes (1914), Joseph Nasi (1524), and Karl Nesselrode (1780). After him are Peter, Duke of Coimbra (1392), António Ramalho Eanes (1935), Beatriz, Duchess of Viseu (1430), Isabel of Barcelos (1402), Teófilo Braga (1843), and Al-Mu'tamid ibn Abbad (1040).