Antipater the Idumaean

100 BC - 43 BC

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Antipater I the Idumaean (born 113 or 114 BCE, died 43 BCE) was the founder of the Herodian Dynasty and father of Herod the Great. According to Josephus, he was the son of Antipas and had formerly held that name.A native of Edom, southeast of Judah between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of Aqaba, which under the Romans came to be known as Idumaea, Antipater became a powerful official under the later Hasmonean kings and subsequently became a client of the Roman general Pompey the Great when Pompey conquered Judah in the name of Roman Republic. When Julius Caesar defeated Pompey, Antipater rescued Caesar in Alexandria, and was made chief minister of Judea, as Judah became known to the Romans, with the right to collect taxes. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Antipater the Idumaean has received more than 233,830 page views. His biography is available in 26 different languages on Wikipedia. Antipater the Idumaean is the 3,157th most popular politician (down from 2,569th in 2019).

Antipater the Idumaean was the first governor of Judea following the death of Herod the Great. Antipater is most famous for his brutal suppression of the Jewish population in Jerusalem in 4 BCE, in which he had over 2000 Jews killed.

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    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.33

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, Antipater the Idumaean ranks 3,157 out of 15,577Before him are Argishti I of Urartu, Hystaspes, Eugenius, Altan Khan, Seleucus III Ceraunus, and Eleonora Gonzaga. After him are Mohammad-Ali Rajai, Theudebald, Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, Baldwin I, Margrave of Flanders, Topa Inca Yupanqui, and Tomislav of Croatia.

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Among people born in 100 BC, Antipater the Idumaean ranks 22Before him are Andronicus of Rhodes, Zebedee, Ptolemy XI Alexander II, Titus Labienus, Thusnelda, and Valerius Maximus. After him are Publilius Syrus, Artavasdes II of Armenia, Mary of Clopas, Judas of Galilee, Antigonus II Mattathias, and Phraates V. Among people deceased in 43 BC, Antipater the Idumaean ranks 3Before him are Cicero and Atia. After him are Publius Cornelius Dolabella, Quintus Tullius Cicero, Verres, Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus, Gaius Cassius Longinus Varus, Aulus Hirtius, Servius Sulpicius Rufus, Lucius Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, and Quintus Pedius.

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