Antiochus XII Dionysus

150 BC - 84 BC

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Antiochus XII Dionysus Epiphanes Philopator Callinicus (Ancient Greek: Ἀντίοχος Διόνυσος Ἐπιφανής Φιλοπάτωρ Καλλίνικος; between 124 and 109 BC – 82 BC) was a Hellenistic Seleucid monarch who reigned as King of Syria between 87 and 82 BC. The youngest son of Antiochus VIII and, most likely, his Egyptian wife Tryphaena, Antiochus XII lived during a period of civil war between his father and his uncle Antiochus IX, which ended with the assassination of Antiochus VIII in 96 BC. Antiochus XII's four brothers laid claim to the throne, eliminated Antiochus IX as a claimant, and waged war against his heir Antiochus X. By 87 BC, only two claimants remained, both brothers of Antiochus XII: Demetrius III and Philip I. The realm of Demetrius III was initially centered in Damascus but later extended over most of Syria. Demetrius III was defeated by Philip I and went into exile in Parthia, allowing Antiochus XII to gain control of Damascus while Philip I remained in the Syrian capital Antioch. Antiochus XII consolidated his territory within inner Syria and did not seek to expand into the territories of Philip I, who attempted to annex Damascus but was repulsed. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Antiochus XII Dionysus has received more than 123,504 page views. His biography is available in 30 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 29 in 2019). Antiochus XII Dionysus is the 7,736th most popular politician (down from 7,142nd in 2019), the 425th most popular biography from Greece (down from 377th in 2019) and the 189th most popular Greek Politician.

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Among politicians, Antiochus XII Dionysus ranks 7,736 out of 15,710Before him are Aleksandar Tsankov, Jan Assmann, Boril of Bulgaria, Edmund Veesenmayer, Temür Qutlugh, and Rim-Sin I. After him are Duchess Magdalene Sibylle of Prussia, Gustav, Duke of Zweibrücken, Aureolus of Aragon, Ordulf, Duke of Saxony, Íngrid Betancourt, and Catherine I, Latin Empress.

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Among people born in 150 BC, Antiochus XII Dionysus ranks 18Before him are Tigranes I, Seleucus VI Epiphanes, Zeno of Sidon, Sextus Julius Caesar, Mithridates IV of Pontus, and Marcus Fulvius Flaccus. After him are Lucius Marcius Philippus, Artavasdes I of Armenia, Gaius Sextius Calvinus, Publius Ventidius Bassus, Lucius Afranius, and Gaius Hostilius Mancinus. Among people deceased in 84 BC, Antiochus XII Dionysus ranks 3Before him are Lucius Cornelius Cinna and Lucius Accius. After him is Gaius Flavius Fimbria.

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In Greece

Among people born in Greece, Antiochus XII Dionysus ranks 425 out of 855Before him are Onesicritus (-360), Dexippus (210), Areus II (-262), Archidamus IV (-400), Hecataeus of Abdera (-400), and Maximus the Greek (1475). After him are Euthydemus I (-300), Georgios Tsolakoglou (1886), Manos Hatzidakis (1925), Faustus Cornelius Sulla (-88), Philochorus (-340), and Alexandros Koryzis (1885).


Among politicians born in Greece, Antiochus XII Dionysus ranks 189Before him are Agesipolis II (-400), Antonis Samaras (1951), Koçi Xoxe (1911), Augustinos Kapodistrias (1778), Areus II (-262), and Archidamus IV (-400). After him are Euthydemus I (-300), Georgios Tsolakoglou (1886), Faustus Cornelius Sulla (-88), Hyperbolus (-500), Michail Stasinopoulos (1903), and Cleombrotus II (-250).