Annie Jump Cannon

1863 - 1941

Photo of Annie Jump Cannon

Icon of person Annie Jump Cannon

Annie Jump Cannon (; December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification. With Edward C. Pickering, she is credited with the creation of the Harvard Classification Scheme, which was the first serious attempt to organize and classify stars based on their temperatures and spectral types. She was nearly deaf throughout her career. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Annie Jump Cannon has received more than 396,557 page views. Her biography is available in 53 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 48 in 2019). Annie Jump Cannon is the 113th most popular astronomer (up from 130th in 2019), the 1,580th most popular biography from United States (up from 1,817th in 2019) and the 18th most popular American Astronomer.

Memorability Metrics

  • 400k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 68.25

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 53

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 5.59

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.37

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Annie Jump Cannons by language


Among astronomers, Annie Jump Cannon ranks 113 out of 532Before her are Arthur B. McDonald, Karl Ludwig Hencke, Margaret Burbidge, Antonie Pannekoek, Edward Charles Pickering, and John Russell Hind. After her are Frank Drake, Jean Picard, Adelard of Bath, William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse, E. M. Antoniadi, and John Louis Emil Dreyer.

Most Popular Astronomers in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1863, Annie Jump Cannon ranks 42Before her are Franz von Hipper, Charles Spearman, George Santayana, Henry Royce, Archduke Eugen of Austria, and Hugo Münsterberg. After her are W. I. Thomas, Felix Weingartner, Leopold Berchtold, Grand Duke George Mikhailovich of Russia, Paul Painlevé, and Manuel Gomes da Costa. Among people deceased in 1941, Annie Jump Cannon ranks 48Before her are Gaetano Mosca, Dmitry Pavlov, Sisowath Monivong, Pál Teleki, Edwin S. Porter, and Rudolf Hilferding. After her are Hans Driesch, Ernst Lindemann, Benjamin Lee Whorf, Maria Spiridonova, Ivan Panfilov, and Tullio Levi-Civita.

Others Born in 1863

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1941

Go to all Rankings

In United States

Among people born in United States, Annie Jump Cannon ranks 1,580 out of 15,968Before her are John Cena (1977), Owen Wilson (1968), Tex Avery (1908), Héctor Elizondo (1936), Carroll Baker (1931), and Erich Segal (1937). After her are Lloyd Bridges (1913), Michael Connelly (1956), Joseph Cotten (1905), Robert E. Howard (1906), Axl Rose (1962), and David Caruso (1956).

Among ASTRONOMERS In United States

Among astronomers born in United States, Annie Jump Cannon ranks 18Before her are J. Allen Hynek (1910), Joseph Hooton Taylor Jr. (1941), Vera Rubin (1928), Henry Norris Russell (1877), Edward Emerson Barnard (1857), and Edward Charles Pickering (1846). After her are Frank Drake (1930), Harlow Shapley (1885), James Van Allen (1914), Russell Alan Hulse (1950), Vesto Slipher (1875), and Maria Mitchell (1818).