PHYSICIST

Andrei Sakharov

1921 - 1989

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Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: Андрей Дмитриевич Сахаров, IPA: [ɐnˈdrʲej ˈdmʲitrʲɪjevʲɪtɕ ˈsaxərəf]; 21 May 1921 – 14 December 1989) was a Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident, Nobel laureate and activist for disarmament, peace, and human rights.He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's RDS-37, a codename for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons. Sakharov later became an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the Soviet Union, for which he faced state persecution; these efforts earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Andrei Sakharov has received more than 1,405,556 page views. His biography is available in 91 different languages on Wikipedia (down from 92 in 2019). Andrei Sakharov is the 44th most popular physicist (down from 38th in 2019), the 75th most popular biography from Russia (down from 65th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Physicist.

Andrei Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist and human rights activist who is most famous for his work in nuclear weapons research and development. He was a key figure in the development of the Soviet Union's hydrogen bomb and became an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union's nuclear arms race with the United States.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 91

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.62

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 5.10

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among PHYSICISTS

Among physicists, Andrei Sakharov ranks 44 out of 717Before him are Lise Meitner, Pieter Zeeman, J. J. Thomson, Wolfgang Pauli, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, and Ernst Mach. After him are Thomas Young, James Chadwick, Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Ludwig Boltzmann, Hermann von Helmholtz, and Christian Doppler.

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Contemporaries

Among people born in 1921, Andrei Sakharov ranks 6Before him are Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Charles Bronson, Alexander Dubček, Astor Piazzolla, and Stanisław Lem. After him are Jean-Bédel Bokassa, Michael I of Romania, Suharto, John Rawls, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, and Yves Montand. Among people deceased in 1989, Andrei Sakharov ranks 11Before him are Samuel Beckett, Ted Bundy, Herbert von Karajan, Konrad Lorenz, Sergio Leone, and Georges Simenon. After him are Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Elena Ceaușescu, Lee Van Cleef, Andrei Gromyko, Laurence Olivier, and Osamu Tezuka.

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Others Deceased in 1989

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In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Andrei Sakharov ranks 75 out of 3,262Before him are Rudolf Nureyev (1938), Frederick I of Prussia (1657), Peter Carl Fabergé (1846), Alexander Nevsky (1220), Yaroslav the Wise (978), and Lou Andreas-Salomé (1861). After him are Konstantin Stanislavski (1863), Alexander Scriabin (1871), Ivan III of Russia (1440), Mikhail Kutuzov (1745), Anna Pavlova (1881), and Roman Jakobson (1896).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Andrei Sakharov ranks 2Before him are Gustav Kirchhoff (1824). After him are Wilhelm Wien (1864), Mikhail Lomonosov (1711), Arnold Sommerfeld (1868), Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Tamm (1895), Igor Kurchatov (1903), Pyotr Kapitsa (1894), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Ilya Frank (1908), and Nikolay Basov (1922).