Andrei Sakharov

1921 - 1989

Photo of Andrei Sakharov

Icon of person Andrei Sakharov

Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов, IPA: [ɐnˈdrʲej dmʲiˈtrʲɪjevʲɪtɕ ˈsaxərəf]; 21 May 1921 – 14 December 1989) was a Soviet and Russian nuclear physicist, dissident, Nobel laureate, and activist for disarmament, peace and human rights.He became renowned as the designer of the Soviet Union's RDS-37, a codename for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons. Sakharov later became an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the Soviet Union, for which he faced state persecution; these efforts earned him the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Andrei Sakharov has received more than 1,115,030 page views. His biography is available in 92 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 84 in 2019). Andrei Sakharov is the 38th most popular physicist (up from 48th in 2019), the 65th most popular biography from Russia (up from 66th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Russian Physicist.

Andrei Sakharov was a Russian nuclear physicist and human rights activist who is most famous for his work in nuclear weapons research and development. He was a key figure in the development of the Soviet Union's hydrogen bomb and became an outspoken critic of the Soviet Union's nuclear arms race with the United States.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.1M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.31

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 92

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 8.18

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.55

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Andrei Sakharovs by language


Among physicists, Andrei Sakharov ranks 38 out of 721Before him are Richard Feynman, J. J. Thomson, Gustav Kirchhoff, Charles-Augustin de Coulomb, Ernst Mach, and Wolfgang Pauli. After him are Lise Meitner, Pieter Zeeman, Léon Foucault, Philipp Lenard, Ludwig Boltzmann, and Paul Dirac.

Most Popular Physicists in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 1921, Andrei Sakharov ranks 4Before him are Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Charles Bronson, and Alexander Dubček. After him are John Rawls, Stanisław Lem, Astor Piazzolla, Suharto, Fawzia Fuad of Egypt, Michael I of Romania, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, and Yves Montand. Among people deceased in 1989, Andrei Sakharov ranks 11Before him are Samuel Beckett, Sergio Leone, Konrad Lorenz, Ted Bundy, Herbert von Karajan, and Georges Simenon. After him are Elena Ceaușescu, Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Laurence Olivier, Lee Van Cleef, Osamu Tezuka, and Bette Davis.

Others Born in 1921

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 1989

Go to all Rankings

In Russia

Among people born in Russia, Andrei Sakharov ranks 65 out of 2,688Before him are Mikhail Kalashnikov (1919), Vladimir the Great (958), Gustav Kirchhoff (1824), Boris Godunov (1552), Konstantin Stanislavski (1863), and Feodor I of Russia (1557). After him are Frederick I of Prussia (1657), Peter Kropotkin (1842), Anna of Russia (1693), Peter II of Russia (1715), Ivan III of Russia (1440), and Anna Pavlova (1881).

Among PHYSICISTS In Russia

Among physicists born in Russia, Andrei Sakharov ranks 2Before him are Gustav Kirchhoff (1824). After him are Wilhelm Wien (1864), Mikhail Lomonosov (1711), Arnold Sommerfeld (1868), Pavel Cherenkov (1904), Igor Tamm (1895), Ilya Frank (1908), Pyotr Kapitsa (1894), Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov (1928), Nikolay Basov (1922), and Igor Kurchatov (1903).