Alphonse Bertillon

1853 - 1914

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Alphonse Bertillon (French: [bɛʁtijɔ̃]; 22 April 1853 – 13 February 1914) was a French police officer and biometrics researcher who applied the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law enforcement creating an identification system based on physical measurements. Anthropometry was the first scientific system used by police to identify criminals. Before that time, criminals could only be identified by name or photograph. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Alphonse Bertillon has received more than 368,016 page views. His biography is available in 25 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 24 in 2019). Alphonse Bertillon is the 80th most popular inventor (up from 91st in 2019), the 895th most popular biography from France (up from 1,028th in 2019) and the 12th most popular French Inventor.

Alphonse Bertillon is most famous for inventing the bertillonage system of identification, which was an early form of anthropometry. The system was based on physical measurements of body parts.

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Among inventors, Alphonse Bertillon ranks 80 out of 355Before him are Jacques Piccard, Paul Gottlieb Nipkow, Alois Senefelder, Edmund Cartwright, Henry Bessemer, and John Harrison. After him are Ray Tomlinson, Étienne-Jules Marey, Percy Spencer, Bi Sheng, Momofuku Ando, and Johann Maria Farina.

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Among people born in 1853, Alphonse Bertillon ranks 17Before him are Vladimir Solovyov, Ferdinand Hodler, Albrecht Kossel, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia, Errico Malatesta, and Hans Christian Gram. After him are Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein, Oskar Potiorek, Princess Thyra of Denmark, Kitasato Shibasaburō, and Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany. Among people deceased in 1914, Alphonse Bertillon ranks 20Before him are August Macke, Ambrose Bierce, Georges Picquart, Ismail Gaspirali, Eduard Suess, and Eugen Böhm von Bawerk. After him are Joseph Swan, Maximilian von Spee, Alexander Samsonov, Alfred Thayer Mahan, Charles Péguy, and Alain-Fournier.

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In France

Among people born in France, Alphonse Bertillon ranks 895 out of 5,234Before him are Gaston Doumergue (1863), Robert Guérin (1876), Robert IV of Sablé (1150), Bernard Le Bovier de Fontenelle (1657), Stéphane Audran (1932), and Lucien Laurent (1907). After him are Heinrich Kramer (1430), Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (1292), Antoine Bourdelle (1861), Claude Joseph Vernet (1714), Paul Landowski (1875), and Madame de La Fayette (1634).

Among INVENTORS In France

Among inventors born in France, Alphonse Bertillon ranks 12Before him are Joseph Marie Jacquard (1752), Nicolas Appert (1749), Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot (1725), Louis Blériot (1872), Louis Renault (1877), and Jacques de Vaucanson (1709). After him are Étienne-Jules Marey (1830), Charles-Émile Reynaud (1844), Claude Chappe (1763), André-Jacques Garnerin (1769), Clément Ader (1841), and André Michelin (1853).