Alexander Fleming

1881 - 1955

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Sir Alexander Fleming (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish physician and microbiologist, best known for discovering the enzyme lysozyme and the world's first broadly effective antibiotic substance which he named penicillin. He discovered lysozyme from his nasal discharge in 1922, and along with it a bacterium he named Micrococcus Lysodeikticus, later renamed Micrococcus luteus. His discovery of what is later named benzylpenicillin (or penicillin G) from the mould Penicillium rubens in 1928, is described as the "single greatest victory ever achieved over disease." For this discovery he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Florey and Ernst Boris Chain.Fleming was knighted for his scientific achievements in 1944. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Alexander Fleming has received more than 4,127,567 page views. His biography is available in 102 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 101 in 2019). Alexander Fleming is the 4th most popular biologist, the 30th most popular biography from United Kingdom (up from 31st in 2019) and the 2nd most popular British Biologist.

Alexander Fleming is most famous for his discovery of penicillin.

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  • 102

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  • 14.13

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.68

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among biologists, Alexander Fleming ranks 4 out of 844Before him are Charles Darwin, Carl Linnaeus, and Gregor Mendel. After him are Ivan Pavlov, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Ernst Haeckel, Konrad Lorenz, Karl Landsteiner, James Watson, and Luc Montagnier.

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Among people born in 1881, Alexander Fleming ranks 3Before him are Pablo Picasso and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. After him are Stefan Zweig, Pope John XXIII, Béla Bartók, Lu Xun, Anna Pavlova, Kliment Voroshilov, Alexander Kerensky, Enver Pasha, and Ludwig von Mises. Among people deceased in 1955, Alexander Fleming ranks 2Before him is Albert Einstein. After him are Thomas Mann, James Dean, Dale Carnegie, Fernand Léger, José Ortega y Gasset, Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, Charlie Parker, Sadako Sasaki, Arthur Honegger, and Helmuth Weidling.

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In United Kingdom

Among people born in United Kingdom, Alexander Fleming ranks 30 out of 6,924Before him are Richard I of England (1157), Anne Boleyn (1501), James Cook (1728), Alexander Graham Bell (1847), John Lennon (1940), and Mary I of England (1516). After him are Arthur Conan Doyle (1859), Margaret Thatcher (1925), David Hume (1711), John Maynard Keynes (1883), Mary II of England (1662), and Daniel Defoe (1660).

Among BIOLOGISTS In United Kingdom

Among biologists born in United Kingdom, Alexander Fleming ranks 2Before him are Charles Darwin (1809). After him are Alfred Russel Wallace (1823), Rosalind Franklin (1920), Francis Crick (1916), Thomas Henry Huxley (1825), Richard Owen (1804), Erasmus Darwin (1731), Robert Brown (1773), Christian de Duve (1917), John Edward Gray (1800), and Philip Miller (1691).