936 - 1013

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Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn al-'Abbās al-Zahrāwī al-Ansari (Arabic: أبو القاسم خلف بن العباس الزهراوي;‎ 936–1013), popularly known as Al-Zahrawi (الزهراوي), Latinised as Abulcasis (from Arabic Abū al-Qāsim), was an Arab Andalusian physician, surgeon and chemist. Considered to be the greatest surgeon of the Middle Ages, he has been referred to as the "father of modern surgery".Al-Zahrawi's principal work is the Kitab al-Tasrif, a thirty-volume encyclopedia of medical practices. The surgery chapter of this work was later translated into Latin, attaining popularity and becoming the standard textbook in Europe for the next five hundred years. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Al-Zahrawi has received more than 593,565 page views. His biography is available in 40 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 39 in 2019). Al-Zahrawi is the 31st most popular physician (up from 46th in 2019), the 86th most popular biography from Spain (up from 99th in 2019) and the 2nd most popular Spanish Physician.

Al-Zahrawi is most famous for his book, "Al-Tasrif," which is the first illustrated medical text.

Memorability Metrics

  • 590k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.22

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 40

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.44

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.72

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Al-Zahrawis by language


Among physicians, Al-Zahrawi ranks 31 out of 509Before him are Franz Mesmer, Georgius Agricola, Polycarp, Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Claude Bernard, and Camillo Golgi. After him are Paul Ehrlich, Willem Einthoven, Alexis Carrel, Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, Emil Kraepelin, and Rita Levi-Montalcini.

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Among people born in 936, Al-Zahrawi ranks 1After him is 'Adud al-Dawla. Among people deceased in 1013, Al-Zahrawi ranks 1After him is Hisham II.

Others Born in 936

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Others Deceased in 1013

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Al-Zahrawi ranks 86 out of 2,595Before him are Peter III of Aragon (1239), Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba (1507), Margaret Theresa of Spain (1651), Alfonso VI of León and Castile (1040), Luis Suárez (1935), and José Ortega y Gasset (1883). After him are Louis I of Spain (1707), Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (1470), Abbas ibn Firnas (810), Ferdinand VI of Spain (1713), Muhammad XII of Granada (1459), and Roderic (688).


Among physicians born in Spain, Al-Zahrawi ranks 2Before him are Michael Servetus (1509). After him are Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852), Ibn Zuhr (1091), Joseph Calasanz (1556), Hasdai ibn Shaprut (910), Leander of Seville (534), Severo Ochoa (1905), Margarita Salas (1938), and Fernando Quiroga Palacios (1900).