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Ahmad ibn Hanbal

780 - 855

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Ahmad ibn Hanbal al-Dhuhli (Arabic: أَحْمَد بْن حَنْبَل الذهلي, romanized: Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal al-Dhuhlī; November 780 – 2 August 855 CE/164–241 AH), was a Muslim jurist, theologian, ascetic, hadith traditionist, and founder of the Hanbali school of Sunni jurisprudence — one of the four major orthodox legal schools of Sunni Islam. The most highly influential and active scholar during his lifetime, Ibn Hanbal went on to become "one of the most venerated" intellectual figures in Islamic history, who has had a "profound influence affecting almost every area of" the traditionalist perspective within Sunni Islam. One of the foremost classical proponents of relying on scriptural sources as the basis for Sunni Islamic law and way of life, Ibn Hanbal compiled one of the most important Sunni hadith collections, the Musnad, which has continued to exercise considerable influence in the field of hadith studies up to the present time.Having studied fiqh and hadith under many teachers during his youth, Ibn Hanbal became famous in his later life for the crucial role he played in the Mihna, the inquisition instituted by the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma'mun towards the end of his reign, in which the ruler gave official state support to the Muʿtazilite dogma of the Quran being created, a view that contradicted the orthodox doctrine of the Quran being the eternal, uncreated Word of God. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ahmad ibn Hanbal has received more than 1,306,178 page views. His biography is available in 61 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 59 in 2019). Ahmad ibn Hanbal is the 162nd most popular writer (up from 181st in 2019), the 13th most popular biography from Iraq and the most popular Iraqi Writer.

Ahmad ibn Hanbal is most famous for being the founder of the Hanbali school of Islamic jurisprudence. He was a disciple of the founder of the Hanafi school, Abu Hanifa.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.3M

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  • 73.64

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 61

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.06

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.07

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Notable Works

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Among writers, Ahmad ibn Hanbal ranks 162 out of 5,755Before him are Pliny the Younger, Jean Racine, Hafez, Fernando Pessoa, Menander, and Novalis. After him are Lucian, Naguib Mahfouz, Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Khalil Gibran, Ivan Turgenev, and Anacreon.

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Among people born in 780, Ahmad ibn Hanbal ranks 2Before him is Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi. After him are Pope Eugene II, Pope Valentine, Rabanus Maurus, Frederick of Utrecht, Odo I, Count of Orléans, and Theodote. Among people deceased in 855, Ahmad ibn Hanbal ranks 2Before him is Lothair I. After him are Pope Leo IV and Boso the Elder.

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In Iraq

Among people born in Iraq, Ahmad ibn Hanbal ranks 13 out of 338Before him are Ashurbanipal (-685), Sargon of Akkad (-2300), Sarah (-1803), Al-Kindi (801), Ibn al-Haytham (965), and Mani (216). After him are Alexander IV of Macedon (-323), Rabia of Basra (710), Zaha Hadid (1950), Sennacherib (-740), Sargon II (-750), and Ezra (-500).

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Among WRITERS In Iraq

Among writers born in Iraq, Ahmad ibn Hanbal ranks 1After him are Al-Masudi (896), Fuzûlî (1494), Ahmad ibn Fadlan (900), Enheduanna (-2300), Berossus (-400), Ibn al-Jawzi (1116), Al-Mutanabbi (915), Ibn Sirin (653), Ibn al-Nadim (1000), Ibn Khallikan (1211), and Al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi (718).