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Adolf Bastian

1826 - 1905

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Adolf Philipp Wilhelm Bastian (26 June 1826 – 2 February 1905) was a 19th-century polymath best remembered for his contributions to the development of ethnography and the development of anthropology as a discipline. Modern psychology owes him a great debt, because of his theory of the Elementargedanke, which led to Carl Jung's development of the theory of archetypes. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Adolf Bastian has received more than 133,888 page views. His biography is available in 31 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 28 in 2019). Adolf Bastian is the 120th most popular psychologist (down from 109th in 2019), the 1,765th most popular biography from Germany (down from 1,484th in 2019) and the 16th most popular German Psychologist.

Memorability Metrics

  • 130k

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  • 56.62

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 31

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 7.19

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.58

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among psychologists, Adolf Bastian ranks 120 out of 183Before him are George Kelly, Ovide Decroly, Jon Kabat-Zinn, R. D. Laing, Robert Sternberg, and Henri Wallon. After him are William McDougall, Robert Plutchik, Steven Pinker, Henry Murray, Thomas Gordon, and Auguste Forel.

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Among people born in 1826, Adolf Bastian ranks 17Before him are Zénobe Gramme, Frederic Edwin Church, Alexander Afanasyev, Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro, Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin. After him are George Johnstone Stoney, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia, Karl von Piloty, Stephen Foster, George B. McClellan, and Walter Bagehot. Among people deceased in 1905, Adolf Bastian ranks 26Before him are Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria, Hudson Taylor, Ivan Sechenov, Alphonse Allais, Oswald Achenbach, and Albert von Kölliker. After him are Marcel Schwob, Infanta Amalia of Spain, Anton Ažbe, George MacDonald, Carmine Crocco, and Lew Wallace.

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In Germany

Among people born in Germany, Adolf Bastian ranks 1,765 out of 6,142Before him are Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (1574), Gotthold Eisenstein (1823), Erich Rudorffer (1917), Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach (1715), Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony (1796), and Joachim von Sandrart (1606). After him are Katarina Witt (1965), Princess Maria Anna of Hesse-Homburg (1785), Karl Adolph von Basedow (1799), Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (1617), Erich Brandenberger (1892), and Heinrich Eberbach (1895).


Among psychologists born in Germany, Adolf Bastian ranks 16Before him are Ernst Heinrich Weber (1795), Karl Abraham (1877), William Stern (1871), Karl Bühler (1879), Rudolf Arnheim (1904), and Marie-Louise von Franz (1915). After him are Ulric Neisser (1928), Frieda Fromm-Reichmann (1889), Charlotte Bühler (1893), and Uta Frith (1941).