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Abdul Hamid II

1842 - 1918

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Abdülhamid or Abdul Hamid II (Ottoman Turkish: عبد الحميد ثانی, romanized: Abd ül-Hamid-i Sani; Turkish: II. Abdülhamid; 21 September 1842 – 10 February 1918) was the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 31 August 1876 to 27 April 1909, and the last sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state. The time period which he reigned in the Ottoman Empire is known as the Hamidian Era. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Abdul Hamid II has received more than 3,965,243 page views. His biography is available in 82 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 78 in 2019). Abdul Hamid II is the 138th most popular politician (up from 146th in 2019), the 27th most popular biography from Turkey (down from 25th in 2019) and the 15th most popular Turkish Politician.

Abdul Hamid II was the last Caliph of the Ottoman Empire. He is most famous for being the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1876-1909.

Memorability Metrics

  • 4.0M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.29

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 82

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 9.17

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.69

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Abdul Hamid IIS by language


Among politicians, Abdul Hamid II ranks 138 out of 15,577Before him are Mehmed IV, Murad II, George W. Bush, Deng Xiaoping, Harry S. Truman, and Henry V of England. After him are Sun Yat-sen, Şehzade Mustafa, Augusto Pinochet, Hulagu Khan, Richard Nixon, and Osman II.

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Among people born in 1842, Abdul Hamid II ranks 1After him are William James, Peter Kropotkin, Alfred Marshall, Stéphane Mallarmé, Jules Massenet, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Karl May, Dominic Savio, Josef Breuer, Camille Flammarion, and Paul Lafargue. Among people deceased in 1918, Abdul Hamid II ranks 3Before him are Nicholas II of Russia and Gustav Klimt. After him are Claude Debussy, Gavrilo Princip, Mehmed V, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Guillaume Apollinaire, Manfred von Richthofen, and Georg Cantor.

Others Born in 1842

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Abdul Hamid II ranks 27 out of 1,301Before him are Murad I (1326), Bayezid I (1354), Hesiod (-800), Mehmed IV (1642), Murad II (1404), and Mihrimah Sultan (1522). After him are Şehzade Mustafa (1515), Osman II (1604), Basil of Caesarea (329), Luke the Evangelist (31), Helena (250), and Mimar Sinan (1490).


Among politicians born in Turkey, Abdul Hamid II ranks 15Before him are Mehmed III (1566), Mustafa I (1591), Murad I (1326), Bayezid I (1354), Mehmed IV (1642), and Murad II (1404). After him are Şehzade Mustafa (1515), Osman II (1604), Mehmed I (1386), Suleiman II (1642), Orhan (1288), and Alp Arslan (1029).