Abdul Hamid II

1842 - 1918

Abdul Hamid II

Abdul Hamid II (Ottoman Turkish: عبد الحميد ثانی‎, `Abdü’l-Ḥamîd-i-sânî; Turkish: İkinci Abdülhamit; 21 September 1842 – 10 February 1918) was the 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and the last Sultan to exert effective control over the fracturing state. He oversaw a period of decline, with rebellions particularly in the Balkans, and he had an unsuccessful war with the Russian Empire followed by a successful war against the Kingdom of Greece in 1897. Hamid II ruled from 31 August 1876 until he was deposed shortly after the 1908 Young Turk Revolution, on 27 April 1909. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Abdul Hamid II has received more than 1,787,222 page views. His biography is available in 74 different languages on Wikipedia making him the 126th most popular politician.

Memorability Metrics

  • 1.8M

    Page Views (PV)

  • 79.13

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 74

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 11.02

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.15

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Abdul Hamid IIS by language


Among politicians, Abdul Hamid II ranks 125 out of 14,801Before him are Pol Pot, Kim Jong-il, Amenhotep III, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, Kösem Sultan, and Uthman. After him are Akbar, Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, Bayezid II, and Mark Antony.

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Among people born in 1842, Abdul Hamid II ranks 1After him are William James, Peter Kropotkin, Stéphane Mallarmé, Alfred Marshall, John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Karl May, Jules Massenet, Josef Breuer, Dominic Savio, Camille Flammarion, and Paul Lafargue. Among people deceased in 1918, Abdul Hamid II ranks 3Before him are Nicholas II of Russia and Gustav Klimt. After him are Claude Debussy, Gavrilo Princip, Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia, Egon Schiele, Mehmed V, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia, Georg Cantor, Guillaume Apollinaire, and Georg Simmel.

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Others Deceased in 1918

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, Abdul Hamid II ranks 21 out of 901Before him are Diogenes (-404), Bayezid I (1354), Galen (129), Osman I (1254), Murad I (1326), and Mehmed III (1566). After him are Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (1954), Mustafa I (1591), Strabo (-64), Hesiod (-800), Murad II (1404), and Nasreddin (1208).


Among politicians born in Turkey, Abdul Hamid II ranks 12Before him are Murad IV (1612), Murad III (1546), Bayezid I (1354), Osman I (1254), Murad I (1326), and Mehmed III (1566). After him are Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (1954), Mustafa I (1591), Murad II (1404), Mehmed I (1386), Mehmed IV (1642), and Ertuğrul (1198).

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