Abbas ibn Firnas

810 - 887

Photo of Abbas ibn Firnas

Icon of person Abbas ibn Firnas

Abu al-Qasim Abbas ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini (Arabic: أبو القاسم عباس بن فرناس بن ورداس التاكرني; c. 809/810 – 887 A.D.), also known as Abbas ibn Firnas (Arabic: عباس بن فرناس), Latinized Armen Firman, was a Berber Andalusian polymath: an inventor, astronomer, physician, chemist, engineer, Andalusi musician, and Arabic-language poet. He was reported to have experimented with a form of flight.Ibn Firnas made various contributions in the field of astronomy and engineering. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Abbas ibn Firnas has received more than 683,616 page views. His biography is available in 42 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 37 in 2019). Abbas ibn Firnas is the 35th most popular inventor (up from 41st in 2019), the 76th most popular biography from Spain (up from 89th in 2019) and the most popular Inventor.

Abbas ibn Firnas is most famous for inventing the world's first flying machine.

Memorability Metrics

  • 680k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 69.63

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 42

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.10

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 3.23

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

Page views of Abbas ibn Firnas by language


Among inventors, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 35 out of 354Before him are Denis Papin, Ernő Rubik, Bartolomeo Cristofori, George Westinghouse, Robert Fulton, and Joseph Marie Jacquard. After him are László Bíró, Ismail al-Jazari, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, Konrad Zuse, Herman Hollerith, and Nicolas Appert.

Most Popular Inventors in Wikipedia

Go to all Rankings


Among people born in 810, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 2Before him is Muhammad al-Bukhari. After him are Pope Benedict III, John Scotus Eriugena, Halfdan the Black, Kenneth MacAlpin, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathir al-Farghani, Kassia, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, Hastein, García Íñiguez of Pamplona, and Eulogius of Córdoba. Among people deceased in 887, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 1After him are Boso of Provence, Emperor Kōkō, Pietro I Candiano, and Giovanni II Participazio.

Others Born in 810

Go to all Rankings

Others Deceased in 887

Go to all Rankings

In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 76 out of 2,932Before him are Luis Suárez (1935), Francisco Gento (1933), Lucan (39), Muhammad XII of Granada (1459), Vasco Núñez de Balboa (1475), and Alfonso XII of Spain (1857). After him are Solomon ibn Gabirol (1021), José Ortega y Gasset (1883), Josep Borrell (1947), Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba (1507), Alfonso VI of León and Castile (1040), and Maria of Austria, Holy Roman Empress (1528).

Among INVENTORS In Spain

Among inventors born in Spain, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 1After him are Juan de la Cierva, 1st Count of la Cierva (1895), Narcís Monturiol (1819), and Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (1852).