Abbas ibn Firnas

810 - 887

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Abu al-Qasim Abbas ibn Firnas ibn Wirdas al-Takurini (Arabic: أبو القاسم عباس بن فرناس بن ورداس التاكرني‎; c. 809/810 – 887 A.D.), also known as Abbas ibn Firnas (Arabic: عباس بن فرناس‎), latinized Armen Firman, was an Andalusi polymath: an inventor, astronomer, physician, chemist, engineer, Andalusi musician, and Arabic-language poet. He was reported to have experimented with a form of flight.Ibn Firnas made various contributions in the field of astronomy and engineering. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Abbas ibn Firnas has received more than 586,023 page views. His biography is available in 37 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 34 in 2019). Abbas ibn Firnas is the 41st most popular inventor, the 89th most popular biography from Spain (up from 104th in 2019) and the most popular Spanish Inventor.

Abbas ibn Firnas is most famous for inventing the world's first flying machine.

Memorability Metrics

  • 590k

    Page Views (PV)

  • 76.08

    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 37

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.38

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 2.84

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among inventors, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 41 out of 355Before him are William G. Morgan, John Herschel, Ernő Rubik, Herman Hollerith, Igor Sikorsky, and Ismail al-Jazari. After him are Isaac Singer, László Bíró, Elon Musk, Richard Trevithick, Charles Goodyear, and Willis Carrier.

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Among people born in 810, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 4Before him are Muhammad al-Bukhari, Pope Benedict III, and John Scotus Eriugena. After him are Halfdan the Black, Kenneth MacAlpin, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Kathir al-Farghani, Hastein, Kassia, Emperor Xuanzong of Tang, García Íñiguez of Pamplona, and Eulogius of Córdoba. Among people deceased in 887, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 1After him are Boso of Provence, Emperor Kōkō, Pietro I Candiano, and Giovanni II Participazio.

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In Spain

Among people born in Spain, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 89 out of 2,595Before him are Alfonso VI of León and Castile (1040), Luis Suárez (1935), José Ortega y Gasset (1883), Al-Zahrawi (936), Louis I of Spain (1707), and Isabella of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (1470). After him are Ferdinand VI of Spain (1713), Muhammad XII of Granada (1459), Roderic (688), Florentino Pérez (1947), Catherine of Austria, Queen of Portugal (1507), and Anna of Austria, Queen of Spain (1549).

Among INVENTORS In Spain

Among inventors born in Spain, Abbas ibn Firnas ranks 1After him are Juan de la Cierva, 1st Count of la Cierva (1895), Narcís Monturiol (1819), and Leonardo Torres y Quevedo (1852).