İsmet İnönü

1884 - 1973

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Mustafa İsmet İnönü (Turkish pronunciation: [isˈmet ˈinœny]; 24 September 1884 – 25 December 1973) was a Turkish general and statesman, who served as the second President of Turkey from 11 November 1938 to 22 May 1950, when his Republican People's Party was defeated in Turkey's second free elections. He also served as the first Chief of the General Staff from 1922 to 1924, and as the first Prime Minister after the declaration of the Republic, serving three terms: from 1923 to 1924, 1925 to 1937, and 1961 to 1965. As President, he was granted the official title of "Millî Şef" (National Chief).When the 1934 Surname Law was adopted, Mustafa Kemal gave him a surname taken from İnönü, where he commanded the forces of Army of Grand National Assembly as the Minister of the Chief of the General Staff (Turkish: Erkân-ı Harbiye-i Umumiye Reis Vekili) during the Greco-Turkish War of 1919–1922. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of İsmet İnönü has received more than 591,169 page views. His biography is available in 69 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 60 in 2019). İsmet İnönü is the 815th most popular politician (down from 494th in 2019), the 123rd most popular biography from Turkey (down from 83rd in 2019) and the 67th most popular Turkish Politician.

Memorability Metrics

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    Historical Popularity Index (HPI)

  • 69

    Languages Editions (L)

  • 6.03

    Effective Languages (L*)

  • 4.65

    Coefficient of Variation (CV)

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Among politicians, İsmet İnönü ranks 815 out of 15,710. Before him are Mary, Queen of Hungary, Charles II of England, Frederick VIII of Denmark, Wilhelm Frick, Johann Friedrich Struensee, and Xiang Yu. After him are Sigismund II Augustus, Eric Bloodaxe, Irma Grese, Vajiralongkorn, Constans II, and Liu Shaoqi.

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Among people born in 1884, İsmet İnönü ranks 8Before him are Amedeo Modigliani, Harry S. Truman, Isoroku Yamamoto, Bronisław Malinowski, Edvard Beneš, and Hideki Tojo. After him are Anton Drexler, Max Brod, Édouard Daladier, Peter Debye, Franz Halder, and Walther von Reichenau. Among people deceased in 1973, İsmet İnönü ranks 18Before him are Henri Charrière, Ivan Konev, Abebe Bikila, Walter Ulbricht, Max Horkheimer, and Ludwig von Mises. After him are Paavo Nurmi, John Ford, Hans Kelsen, Pablo Casals, Ferdinand Schörner, and Semyon Budyonny.

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In Turkey

Among people born in Turkey, İsmet İnönü ranks 123 out of 1,128. Before him are Zeno (425), Bartholomew I of Constantinople (1940), John I Tzimiskes (925), Evliya Çelebi (1611), Ignatius of Antioch (35), and Ulfilas (311). After him are Constans II (630), Justinian II (668), Nikephoros II Phokas (912), Julius Nepos (430), Andronikos II Palaiologos (1259), and Gregory of Nyssa (335).


Among politicians born in Turkey, İsmet İnönü ranks 67Before him are Manuel II Palaiologos (1350), Leo I the Thracian (401), Artemisia I of Caria (-500), Enver Pasha (1881), Zeno (425), and John I Tzimiskes (925). After him are Constans II (630), Justinian II (668), Nikephoros II Phokas (912), Julius Nepos (430), Andronikos II Palaiologos (1259), and Kara Mustafa Pasha (1634).