Émile Durkheim

1858 - 1917

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David Émile Durkheim (French: [emil dyʁkɛm] or [dyʁkajm]; 15 April 1858 – 15 November 1917) was a French sociologist. He formally established the academic discipline of sociology and, with Max Weber, is commonly cited as the principal architect of modern social science.From his lifetime, much of Durkheim's work would be concerned with how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in modernity, an era in which traditional social and religious ties are no longer assumed, and in which new social institutions have come into being. Durkheim asserted the sociology is unique from other disciplines such as, psychology; because of its large scale nature. Read more on Wikipedia

Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Émile Durkheim has received more than 3,091,084 page views. His biography is available in 94 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 89 in 2019). Émile Durkheim is the 2nd most popular sociologist, the 33rd most popular biography from France (up from 39th in 2019) and the most popular French Sociologist.

Émile Durkheim is most famous for his theory of the division of labor, which is the idea that as a society becomes more complex, its people specialize in certain tasks.

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Among sociologists, Émile Durkheim ranks 2 out of 54Before him are Max Weber. After him are Pierre Bourdieu, Theodor W. Adorno, Georg Simmel, Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Erving Goffman, Anthony Giddens, Norbert Elias, Marcel Mauss, and Karl Mannheim.

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Among people born in 1858, Émile Durkheim ranks 2Before him is Max Planck. After him are Giacomo Puccini, Selma Lagerlöf, Rudolf Diesel, Theodore Roosevelt, Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria, Georg Simmel, Gustaf V of Sweden, Emmeline Pankhurst, Franz Boas, and Omar Mukhtar. Among people deceased in 1917, Émile Durkheim ranks 1After him are Auguste Rodin, Edgar Degas, Mata Hari, Octave Mirbeau, L. L. Zamenhof, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Buffalo Bill, Eduard Buchner, Edward Burnett Tylor, Adolf von Baeyer, and Franz Brentano.

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In France

Among people born in France, Émile Durkheim ranks 33 out of 5,234Before him are Édith Piaf (1915), Louis XV of France (1710), Henry IV of France (1553), Antoine Lavoisier (1743), Stendhal (1783), and Alexandre Dumas (1802). After him are Marcel Proust (1871), Alain Delon (1935), Denis Diderot (1713), Simone de Beauvoir (1908), Giuseppe Garibaldi (1807), and Charles Baudelaire (1821).


Among sociologists born in France, Émile Durkheim ranks 1After him are Pierre Bourdieu (1930), Marcel Mauss (1872), Gabriel Tarde (1843), Alain Touraine (1925), and Marcel Granet (1884).