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With 108 biographies, Referees are the 59th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Volleyball Players, Martial Arts, and Presenters.

Pantheon has 108 people classified as referees born between 1929 and 1985. Of these 108, 104 (96.30%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living referees include Pierluigi Collina, Sándor Puhl, and Howard Webb. The most famous deceased referees include Rudi Glöckner, Nicolae Rainea, and Said Belqola. As of October 2020, 13 new referees have been added to Pantheon including Rudi Glöckner, Romualdo Arppi Filho, and Arnaldo Cézar Coelho.

Living Referees

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Deceased Referees

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Newly Added Referees (2020)

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Most referees were born in United Kingdom (11), Germany (8), and Italy (7). By city, the most common birth places were Santiago (3), Turin (2), and Cairo (2).The most common death places of referees were Germany (1), Romania (1), and Morocco (1). By city, these were Markranstädt (1), Galați (1), and Rabat (1).

The earliest biographies classified as referees in Pantheon are Nicolae Rainea, Jack Taylor, and Rudi Glöckner.  The concentration of referees was largest during the Television Era, which lasted from 1950 to 1989. Some birth or death locations for earlier referees are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.

Which Referees were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 4 most globally memorable Referees since 1700.

Referees are found within the Sports domain which also includes Soccer Players, Athletes, Basketball Players, Cyclists, and Tennis Players.