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With 107 biographies, Referees are the 59th most common occupation in Pantheon, behind Volleyball Players, Martial Arts, and Presenters.

Pantheon has 117 people classified as referees born between 1929 and 1985. Of these 117, 112 (95.73%) of them are still alive today. The most famous living referees include Pierluigi Collina, Cüneyt Çakır, and Björn Kuipers. The most famous deceased referees include Sándor Puhl, Said Belqola, and Nicolae Rainea. As of April 2022, 10 new referees have been added to Pantheon including Danny Makkelie, Anthony Taylor, and Daniel Siebert.

Living Referees

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Deceased Referees

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Newly Added Referees (2022)

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Most referees were born in United Kingdom (11), Germany (9), and Italy (7). By city, the most common birth places were Santiago (3), Turin (2), and Montevideo (2).The most common death places of referees were Morocco (1), Romania (1), and Germany (1). By city, these were Rabat (1), Galați (1), and Markranstädt (1).

The earliest biographies classified as referees in Pantheon are Nicolae Rainea, Jack Taylor, and Rudi Glöckner.  The concentration of referees was largest during the Television Era, which lasted from 1950 to 1989. Some birth or death locations for earlier referees are unknown, which may account for timeline differences below.

Which Referees were alive at the same time? This visualization shows the lifespans of the 4 most globally memorable Referees since 1700.

Referees are found within the Sports domain which also includes Soccer Players, Athletes, Basketball Players, Cyclists, and Tennis Players.